용융 폴리우레탄의 비 뉴톤 유동 메카니즘과 유변학적인 성질

The Non Newtonian Flow Mechanism and Rheological Properties of Polyurethane Melts

  • 발행 : 2009.12.31

초록

용융 폴리우레탄의 비 뉴톤 유동곡선을 Physica cone-plate 레오메타를 사용하여 여러 온도에서 구하였다. 이러한 유동 곡선을 이론적인 비 뉴톤 유동식에 적용하여 유동파라메타를 얻었다. 유동곡선에서 전단 속도를 증가시켰다가 감소시킬 때 hysteresis loop가 나타나며, 틱소트로피 유동 현상을 보인다. 용융 폴리우레탄은 전단 흐름에서는 강한 젤 현상을 보이나, 항복응력 이상에서는 비선형 점탄성 성질을 나타낸다. 전단속도를 감소시킬 때 구조변형이 일어나서 전단응력이 전단 속도 증가시보다 작은 값을 보이게 된다.

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