시설재배지 토양에서 유기자재 투입이 염류활성도에 미치는 영향

Lee, Seul-Bi;Lee, Chang-Hoon;Hong, Chang-Oh;Kim, Sang-Yoon;Lee, Yong-Bok;Kim, Pil-Joo

  • 발행 : 2009.12.30


In Korea, salt stress is one of the major problems limiting crop production and eco-environmental quality in greenhouse soil. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of organic residues (Chinese milk vetch, maize stalk, rice straw, and rye straw) for reducing salt activity in greenhouse soil. Organic residues was incorporated with salt-accumulated soil (EC, 3.0 dS $m^{-1}$) at the rate of 5% (wt $wt^{-1}$) and the changes of electrical conductivity (EC) was determined weekly for 8 weeks under incubation condition at $30^{\circ}C$. The EC, microbial biomass carbon (MBC), and water soluble ions in soil was strongly affected by C/N ratio of organic residues. After 8 weeks incubation, the concentration of water soluble $NO_3{^-},\;Ca^{2+}$, and $Mg^{2+}$ was significantly decreased in organic residues having high C/N ratio (maize stalk, rice straw, and rye straw) incorporated soil compared to organic residues having lower C/N ratio (Chinese milk vetch) incorporated soil. The EC value in Chinese milk vetch incorporated soil was higher than control treatment. In contrast, maize stalk, rice straw, and rye straw amended soil was highly decreased the EC value compared to control and Chinese milk vetch applied soil after 4 weeks incubation. Our results indicated that incorporation of organic residues having high C/N ratio (>30) could reduce salt activity resulting from reducing concentration of water soluble ions.


Electrical conductivity (EC);Green manure;Salt accumulation;Salt activity


  1. MAF (Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry). (1981~1998) Statistical yearbook of agriculture and forestry. Republic of Korea
  2. MAF (Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry). (2007) Statistical yearbook of agriculture and forestry. Republic of Korea
  3. RDA (Rural Development Authority, Korea). (1999) Fertilization Standard of Crop Plants. Rural Development Administration (RDA). Suwon (in Korean)
  4. Jung, G. B., Ryu, I. S. and Kim, B. Y. (1994) Soil texture, electrical conductivity and chemical components of soils under the plastic film house cultivation in northern central areas of Korea. J. Korean Soc. Soil Sci. Fert. 27(1), 33-40 (in Korean with English summary).
  5. Park, B.G., Jeon, T.H., Kim, Y.H. and Ho, Q.S. (1994) Status of farmers' application rates of chemical fertilizer and farm manure for major crops. J. Korean Soc. Soil Sci. Fert. 27, 238-246
  6. Bernstein, L. (1962) Salt affected soils and plants. Proceedings of the Paris Symposium, UNESCO May 1960. Arid Zone Res. 18, 139–174
  7. Garg, B.K. and Gupta, I.C. (1997) Saline Wastelands Environment and Plant Growth, Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, India
  8. Ramoliya, P.J. and Pandey, A.N. (2002) Effect of increasing salt concentration on emergence, growth and survival of seedlings of Salvadora oleoides (Salvadoraceae). J. Arid Environ. 51, 121–132
  9. Mer, R.K., Prajith, P.K., Pandya, D.M. and Pandey, A.N. (2000) Effect of salts on germination of seeds and growth of young plants of Hordeum vulgare, Triticum aestivum, and Brassica juncea. J. Agro. Crop Sci. 185 (4), 209-217
  10. Shenoy, V.V. and Kalagudi, G.M. (2005) Enhancing plant phosphorus use efficiency for sustainable cropping. Biotech. Adv. 23, 501–513
  11. Allison, L.E. (1965) Organic carbon. In: Black, C.A., Evans, D.D., White, J.L., Ensminger, L.E., Clark, F.E. (Eds.), Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties. American Society for Agronomy, Madison, WI, 1367–1378
  12. United States Salinity Laboratory Staff. (1954) Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkali soils. USDA Handbook 60
  13. Maas, E.V., and Grattan, S.R. (1999) Crop yields as affected by salinity, Chap.3 in R.W..Skaggs and J.van Schilfgaarde (eds.), Agricultural Drainage, Agronomy Monograph No. 38(Madison, Wis:ASA, CSSA,SSSA)
  14. RDA (Rural Development Authority, Korea). (2000) Analytical method for soil and plant samples. Suwon (in Korean)
  15. Zhanfei, L. and Lee, C. (2006) Drying effects on sorption capacity of coastal sediment: The importance of architecture and polarity of organic matter, Geochim Cosmochim Acta. 70, 3313–3324
  16. Ha, H.S., Lee, Y.B., Sohn, B.K. and Kang, U.G. (1997) Characteristics of soil electrical conductivity in plastic film house located in southern part of Korea. J. Korean Soc. Soil Sci. Fert. 30, 345-350
  17. Anderson, J.S. and Sposito, G. (1992) Proton surfacecharge density in soils with structural and pHdependent charge. Soil Sci. Soc. Of Amer. J. 56, 1437-1443
  18. Mueller, T., Jensen, L.S., Nielsen, N.E. and Magie, J (1998) Turnover of carbon and nitrogen in a sandy loam soil following incorporation of chopped maize plants, barley straw, and blue grass in the field. Soil Biol. Biochem. 30, 561-571
  19. Wagner, G.H. and Wolf, D.C. (1999) Carbon transformations and soil organic matter formation. In: Sylvia, D.M., Fuhrmann, J.J.,Hartel, P.G., Zuberer, D.A. (Eds.), Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology. Prentice Hall, NJ, 218–258

피인용 문헌

  1. A Field Study on Electrokinetic Removal of Salts from Greenhouse Soil vol.52, pp.1, 2014,
  2. Effects of Straw Mulching on Soil Physicochemical Properties in Saemangeum Reclaimed Land vol.49, pp.1, 2016,
  3. Relationship between Cucumber Yield and Nitrate Concentration in Plastic Film House with Ryegrass Application vol.45, pp.6, 2012,
  4. Determination of moisture threshold for solution sampling in different soil texture vol.41, pp.4, 2014,
  5. Electrokinetic Remediation of Saline Soil Using Pulse Power vol.30, pp.3, 2013,
  6. Values of Winter Fallow Crops on Soil Properties and Watermelon Productivity in Plastic Greenhouse vol.45, pp.2, 2012,