An Analysis on CO2 Emission and Cost Effects of Hydrogen Energy in Sedan Sector

수소에너지의 승용차부문 도입에 따른 CO2 배출 감축 및 비용효과 분석 연구

  • Hong, Jong-Chul (Energy Policy Research Division, Korea Institute of Energy Research) ;
  • Kang, Seung-Jin (Graduate School of Knowledge-Based Technology & Energy, Korea Polytechnic Univ.) ;
  • Choi, Sang-Jin (Energy Policy Research Division, Korea Institute of Energy Research) ;
  • Park, Sang-Young (Energy Policy Research Division, Korea Institute of Energy Research) ;
  • Kim, Jong-Wook (Energy Policy Research Division, Korea Institute of Energy Research)
  • 홍종철 (한국에너지기술연구원 정책실) ;
  • 강승진 (한국산업기술대학교 지식기반기술.에너지대학원) ;
  • 최상진 (한국에너지기술연구원 정책실) ;
  • 박상용 (한국에너지기술연구원 정책실) ;
  • 김종욱 (한국에너지기술연구원 정책실)
  • Published : 2009.02.28


As one of the alternative solution for energy and environmental issues such as climate change, energy security, oil price, etc., hydrogen energy has been getting so much attentions these days. This paper analyzed the $CO_2$ emission, costs, and energy consumptions when the hydrogen energy was introduced to transportation, specifically in Sedan sector using the energy system model, MARKAL. As results, 21.5% of $CO_2$ emission in 2040 could be reduced and additional 76 billion dollars will be needed in the high energy price scenario. The amount of energy saving mainly due to the replacement of existing car to hydrogen vehicle was 16% of the final energy consumption in 2040.


  1. IEA/ETSAP 홈페이지(
  2. IEA/ETSAP, 'Documentation for the MARKAL Family of Models', 2004. 10
  3. 산업자원부, '에너지통계연보', 2007
  4. 산업자원부, '에너지총조사보고서', 2005
  5. US DOE, 'Hydrogen, Fuel Cells & Infrastructure Technologies Program - Multi-year Research, Development and Demonstration Plan', 2007
  6. US National Research Council and National Academy of Engineering, 'The Hydrogen Economy - Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and R& D Needs', 2004
  7. UKSHEC, 'Representation of Hydrogen in UK, US and Netherlands MARKAL Energy System Models', Social Science Working Paper No. 29, 2007. 2
  8. 에너지관리공단(한국에너지기술연구원), '에너지기술DB 구축사업', 2003-2005
  9. 산업자원부, '친환경 수소경제 구현을 위한 마스터플랜-연료전지산업 및 중장기 신.재생에너지 개발비전', 2005. 9
  10. 에너지경제연구원, '수소경제 실현을 위한 부문별의 수소 수요량 산정 및 공급방안 연구', 2006. 11
  11. 한국가스연맹 홈페이지(
  12. 지식경제부 고시 제 2008-45호(2008. 5. 14)
  13. 한전전력공사, '한국전력통계', 2006
  14. 에너지관리공단, '폐기물 바이오자원 수급 동향 및 활용방안 연구', 2007
  15. 지식경제부, '제4차 전력수급기본계획(시안)', 2008. 12
  16. 국가에너지위원회, '국가에너지기본계획(2008-2030)', 2008. 8
  17. 에너지경제연구원, '수소경제 도래에 대비한 수소공급의 시스템적 접근', 2007
  18. 김봉진, 김종욱, 박상용, '발효에 의한 수소 생산의 경제성 평가', 한국수소 및 신에너지학회 논문집, 제19권, 제4호, 2008. 4
  19. IEA, 'Prospects for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells', 2005