Effects of Aqueous Medicinal Herb Extracts and Aqueous Fermented Extracts on Alcohol-Metabolizing Enzyme Activities

약용식물의 열수추출물과 적정 조성추출물 및 그 발효물이 알콜대사 효소활성에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Ka-Soon (Geumsan Ginseng & Medicinal Crop Experiment Station, CNARES.) ;
  • Kim, Gwan-Hou (Geumsan Ginseng & Medicinal Crop Experiment Station, CNARES.) ;
  • Seong, Bong-Jae (Geumsan Ginseng & Medicinal Crop Experiment Station, CNARES.) ;
  • Kim, Hyun-Ho (Geumsan Ginseng & Medicinal Crop Experiment Station, CNARES.) ;
  • Kim, Mi-Yeon (Department of Food and Nutrition, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Mee-Ree (Department of Food and Nutrition, Chungnam National University)
  • 이가순 (충남농업기술원 금산인삼약초시험장) ;
  • 김관후 (충남농업기술원 금산인삼약초시험장) ;
  • 성봉재 (충남농업기술원 금산인삼약초시험장) ;
  • 김현호 (충남농업기술원 금산인삼약초시험장) ;
  • 김미연 (충남대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김미리 (충남대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2009.04.30

Abstract

To develop an effective anti-hangover product, hot-water extracts of 25 medicinal herbs were screened for inhibition or activation of alcohol dehydrogenase(ADH) and acetaldehyde dehydrogenase(ALDH), and 12 herbs were selected for further study. Chosen medicinal herb extracts(CMHEs) were fermented by Lactobacillus delbruechii subspecies lactis for 10 days at $35^{\circ}C$ after saccharification with nuruk(malt inoculated by 5 types of microbs) for 72 hours at $35^{\circ}C$ and both CMHEs and fermented CMHEs(FCMHEs) were explored for anti-hangover effects in vitro. We found significant ADH inhibition by hot-water extracts of Pueraria thunbergiana, Hovenia dulcis Thunb, Lycium chinense, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Acanthopanax sessiliflorus, Liriope platyphylla, and Ixeris dentata, and significant ALDH activation by extracts of Acanthopanax sessiliflorus, Lycium chinense, Ixeris dentata, and Polypori umbellati of the Polyporaceae. The ADH effects on CMHE and FCMHE were -20.22% and -62.63% of control values, and the ALDH effects 173.20% and 280.17%, respectively. In rats given 20%(v/v) alcohol(15 mL/kg), FCMHEs significantly decreased blood acetaldehyde concentrations on 3 hours after ethanol administration, in a dose-dependent manner(p<0.05). Notably, blood acetaldehyde concentrations were markedly reduced in animals given FCMHEs(400 mg/kg) compared to levels seen in rats receiving CADB(commercial alcohol detoxification beverage). Thus, anti-hangover effects were promoted by fermentation of certain medicinal herb extracts.

숙취해소효과가 우수한 제품을 개발하기 위하여, 약용식물 25종의 열수추출물에 대하여 in vitro에서 ADH와 ALDH의 저해 및 활성작용이 우수한 약용식물 12종을 선발, 일정 비율로 혼합한 약용식물 추출액에 대하여 발효를 행한 후 in vitro 및 in vivo실험을 통하여 숙취해소효과를 검토하였다, 그 결과, 감초 -0.3%, 갈근 -3.2%, 구기자 -1.7%, 맥문동 4.8%, 속새 8.3%, 오가피 3.5%, 및 지구자 -2.1%를 보여 지구자를 비롯한 7종의 추출물이 90%이상의 강한 저해활성을 보였고, ALDH활성에서는 오가피가 166.3%로 활성이 가장 촉진되었고, 뒤이어 구기자, 속새 및 백복령도 1.5배 이상의 활성을 촉진하였으며 이 외에 맥문동, 인진쑥, 작약, 차전초, 지구자, 홍삼 및 흑두에서도 효소활성을 촉진하는 것으로 나타나는 등 갈근을 포함하여 약 10여종의 약용식물에서 130%이상의 활성을 증가시키는 결과를 보여주었다. 12종으로 조성 혼합된 약용식물 추출물에서는 ADH활성이 -20.22%인데 비하여 추출발효액은 -62.63%정도 ADH저해활성이 높았으며, ALDH활성은 추출물에서는 173.20%이었으며, 추출발효액은 280.17%로 ALDH활성이 추출액보다 약 1.6배가 증가됨을 볼 수 있었다. 또한 흰쥐를 이용하여 약용식물 추출발효물의 숙취해소효과를 보기 위해 알코올 투여 후 시간에 따른 혈중 알코올과 아세트알데히드의 농도를 측정한 결과, 알코올 섭취 후 3시간 경과시 추출 발효물 400 mg/kg 처리군이 시판 숙취개선음료 처리군보다 24.1% 정도 우수한 효능을 보였고, 추출발효물 공급 3시간 경과 시부터 7시간까지 혈중 아세트알데히드의 감소폭은 추출 발효물 400 mg/kg 처리군에서 -65.1%로 시판 숙취개선음료를 공급한 군에서 -57.5%를 나타냈다.

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