A Study on the Differences of Problem-Solving Ability between Students with High Level of Self-efficacy and Students with Low Level of Self-efficacy

PBL 수업에서 공과대학 학생들의 자기효능감 수준에 따른 문제해결 능력 차이

  • Shin, Min-Hee (Innovation Center for Engineering Education, Seoul National University of Technology)
  • 신민희 (서울산업대학교 공학교육혁신센터)
  • Received : 2009.09.11
  • Accepted : 2009.11.08
  • Published : 2009.12.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the difference of problem-solving ability according to student's level of self-efficacy. Participants were 72 junior students who took the course 'Environmental Instrumental Analysis'. Before the PBL activities, students were given the self-efficacy tests to all students. Among them, 44 students(30% of each high and low ranking) were selected and encouraged to complete pre-problem solving tests. The PBL was conducted for 12 weeks using blended learning strategies. After the PBL, 44students completed post-problem solving tests. Results showed that there were differences of problem-solving ability according to student's level of self-efficacy. From the results, instructional strategies for promoting students' self-efficacy should be employed for enhancing problem-solving ability in PBL activities.

Keywords

PBL;problem-solving ability;self-efficacy

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