The Two Dimensional Types of Career Development, Self-leadership, and Self-efficacy in the Korean Engineering College Students

공대생들의 진로발달의 이차원적 유형화에 따른 셀프리더십과 자기효능감

  • Lim, Jee-Young (Department of Industrial Psychology, Hoseo University)
  • 임지영 (호서대학교 산업심리학과)
  • Received : 2009.08.04
  • Accepted : 2009.09.03
  • Published : 2009.09.30


This study was conducted to compare the self-leadership strategies and self-efficacy among the four types of career development in the Korean engineering college students. When the two variables including career decision level and career preparation behavior were considered, four different types of career development were obtained: immature, behavioral, pseudo, and ideal type. The results showed that the ideal type obtained the significantly higher scores on the self-leadership and self-efficacy scales than the other three types. The results of stepwise analysis suggested that each subtype had unique characteristics in relation to self-leadership strategies. Therefore, it would be useful to provide the engineering students with the specialized self-leadership training program based on the types of career development.


career development;career decision level;career preparation behavior;self-leadership;self-efficacy


  1. 매일경제 (2009). 세상읽기-이공계 살리는 법. 매일경제 2009년 7월 1일판
  2. 박성민 (2002). self-leadership 프로그램 효과분석:K기업 사례. 연세대학교 대학원 석사학위 청구논문
  3. 신용국 (2008). 셀프리더십 척도(Revised Self-Leadership Questionnaire) 타당화 연구: 우리나라 대학생을 중심으로. 호서대학교 대학원 석사학위 청구 논문
  4. Bandura, A. (1982). Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist, 37(2), 122-147
  5. Chen, G., Gully, M., & Eden, D. (2001). Validation of a new general self-efficacy scale. Organizational Research Methods, 4(1), 62-83
  6. Heifetz, R. A. (1994). Leadership without Easy Answer. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press
  7. Houghton, J. D., & Neck, C. P. (2002). The Revised Self-Leadership Questionnaire: Testing a hierarchical factor structure for selfleadership. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 17(8), 672-691
  8. Manz, C. C. (1986). Self-Leadership toward and Expanded Theory of Self-Influence Process in Organization. Academy of Management Review, 11(3), 585-600
  9. Osipow, S. H., Carney, C. G., Winer, J., Yanico, B., & Koschier, M. (1980). The Career Decision Scale (3rd rev.). Columbus, OH:Marsthon Consulting and Press
  10. 김민정 (2007). 대학생의 셀프 리더십 개발에 영향을 미치는 학습자 변인 연구. 이화여자대학교 대학원 박사학위논문
  11. Neck, C. P. & Houghton, J. D. (2006). Two Decades of Self-Leadership Theory and Research. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 21(4), 270-295
  12. 김아영 (1997). 하구적 실패에 대한 내성의 관련 변인 연구. 교육심리연구, 1(2), 1-19
  13. Cautela, J. R. (1969). Behavior Therapy and self-control: techniques and applications, in Franks, C. M. (Ed.), Behavior Therapy:Appraisal and Status, McGrow-Hill, New York, NY, 323-340
  14. 고향자 (1992). 한국 대학생의 의사결정 유형과 진로결정수준의 분석 및 진로결정 상담의 효과. 숙명여자대학교 박사학위논문
  15. Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84, 191-215
  16. Manz, C. C. & Neck, C. P. (2004). Mastering Self-Leadership: Empowering Yourself for Personal Excellence, 3rd ed. Pearson Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River:NJ
  17. Manz, C. C. & Sims, H. P. Jr. (1980). Self-Management as a Substitute for Leadership:A Social Learning Perspective. Academy of Management Review, 5(3), 361-367
  18. 오인수 (2002). 일반적 자기효능감: 개념, 측정관련 이슈와 인적자원관리측면의 시사점. 한국심리학회지:산업 및 조직, 15(3), 49-72
  19. Manz, C. C. (1990). The Art of Self-Leadership. Executive Excellence, 7(8), 7-8
  20. Manz, C. C. & Sims, H. P. Jr. (2001). New Superleadership: Leading Others to Lead Themselves. Berrett_koehler, San Francisco:CA
  21. Neck, C. P. & Manz, C. C. (1996). Thought self-leadership: the impact of self-talk and mental imagery on performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 12, 681-699
  22. 김봉환, 김계현 (1997). 대학생의 진로결정수준과 진로준비행동의 발달 및 이차원적 유형화. 한국심리학회지:상담 및 심리치료, 9(1), 311-333
  23. Neck, C. P., Stewart, G. W., & Manz, C. C. (1995). Thought self-leadership as a framework for enhancing the performance of performance appraises. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 31(3). 278-302
  24. Manz, C. C. & Neck, C. P. (1990) Mastering Self-Leadership: Empowering Yourself for Personal Excellence. 2rd ed. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ