A Comparison of Cotton Dust Concentrations Measured by Three Dust Samplers

시료채취방법에 따른 면분진의 공기 중 농도 비교

  • Phee, Young-Gyu (Department of Health Science, College of Health & Therapy, Daegu Haany University) ;
  • Kim, Hyun-Wook (Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic University) ;
  • Byeon, Sang-Hoon (Department of Environmental Health, College of Health Sciences, Korea University)
  • 피영규 (대구한의대학교 보건치료대학 보건학부) ;
  • 김현욱 (가톨릭대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 변상훈 (고려대학교 보건과학대학 환경보건학과)
  • Received : 2009.08.20
  • Accepted : 2009.10.13
  • Published : 2009.10.31


This study was undertaken to compare the performance of three dust samplers for collecting cotton dust fibers. For this study, three dust samplers including Vertical Elutriator (VE), Total Dust Method (TDM) using 37 mm cassette, and the Institute of Occupational Medicine (IOM) sampler were selected. A total of 6 cotton mills and 4 towel factories were investigated. When measured by VE, the GM for cotton dust was 0.19 $mg/m^3$ which was less than the current occupational exposure limit (OEL) 0.2 $mg/m^3$. But when measured by TDM and IOM at the same locations, the GMs were 0.37 and 0.63 $mg/m^3$, respectively. In Korea, most industrial hygienists have used the TDM for cotton dust measurements and the results were compared with either the TLV for cotton dust or the PNOC (particulates not otherwise classified) of 10 $mg/m^3$ for making decisions. The results of this study clearly showed that past cotton dust measurements and decisions made with such results were not correct. It needs to be noticed the related contents by using VE if it applies to the exposure limit, 0.2 $mg/m^3$, and needs to be revised the exposure limit by IOM. Also, if TDM is used, it requires to be studied and suggested to the new OEL.


cotton dust;vertical elutriator;total dust sampler;IOM sampler


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