Comparison of Regional Differences of PCBs Concentration Using Pine Needles and Soil

지역별 소나무잎과 토양에 침착된 PCBs 농도 비교

  • Chun, Man-Young (Department of Environmental Engineering, Hankyong National University) ;
  • Kim, Tae-Wook (Department of Environmental Engineering, Hankyong National University)
  • Published : 2009.09.30

Abstract

This study was conducted to measure the concentration of PCBs in pine needles and soil in urban (Seoul, many artificial sources of PCBs), semi-rural (Anseong, small town located below Seoul in wind direction) and rural areas (Jincheon, rarely artificial sources of PCBs) in which the artificial production amount of PCBs are different. The total PCBs concentrations in pine needles, which did not show big difference in three sampling sites, were 107.5 pg/g (urban), 94.8 pg/g (semi-rural) and 78.8 pg/g (rural) respectively. The low chlorinated PCBs were major component in pine needles and the PCBs congener concentration profile of each sampling area were similar each other, and the octanol-air partitioning coefficient, Koa, highly correlated with the PCBs concentrations in pine needles. The total PCBs concentrations in soil which did show big difference in three sampling sites, were 830.0 pg/g (urban), 314.1 pg/g (semi-rural) and 136.5 pg/g (rural) respectively. The high chlorinated PCBs were major component in soil and the PCBs congener concentration profile of each sampling area were similar each other. There was no similarity between the PCBs concentration of pine needles and those of soil at each site, because of the different mechanism of deposition and volatilization processes of PCBs. The total PCBs concentrations of 2009 became 12.9 times lower than those of 2001. The reduce rate of PCB 28 was the greatest.

References

  1. 김태욱, 여현구, 최민규, 천만영. PCBs의 식물에 대한 침착 특성, 한국환경농학회지 2001; 20(2): 99-107
  2. 여현구, 최민규, 천만영, 선우영. 도시 및 교외지역에서 대기 중 PCBs의 온도의존성을 이용한 발생원 특성, 대한환경공학회 2002; 24(5): 813-815
  3. 유시균, 김태욱, 천만영. 다환방향족 탄화수소의 나뭇잎 침착, 한국환경농학회지 1999; 18(2): 116-121
  4. 천만영. 대기중 PCBs의 침엽수잎 침착에 관한 연구, 대한환경공학회지 1998; 20(10): 1377-1383
  5. 천만영. 소나무잎에 침착된 PCDD/Fs 특성, 대한환경공학회지 2005a; 27(6): 599-605
  6. 천만영, 여현구. 소나무잎과 토양에 침착된 PCDD/Fs 특성, 한국환경농학회지 2005b; 24(3): 280-288 https://doi.org/10.5338/KJEA.2005.24.3.280
  7. 천만영, 최민규, 여현구. 대기 중 유기염소계 살충제(OCPs)와 PCBs의 높이별 농도변화, 환경독성학회지 2008; 23(3): 201-211
  8. 천만영. 시골과 도시지역의 소나무잎과 토양에 침착된 PAHs 특성, 한국환경분석학회지 2009; 12(1): 6-12
  9. 환경부 대기환경연보, 부록18 전국주요도시의 바람장미도 2008
  10. 환경부 제9차 내분비계장애물질 조사.연구사업 결과보고 2008
  11. Erickson MD. Analytical Chemistry of PCBs, Lewis Publishers 1992
  12. Gouin T, Mackay D, Jones KC, Harner T and Meijer SN. Evidence for 'grasshopper' effect and fractionation during long-range atmospheric transport of organic contaminants, Environmental pollution 2004; 128: 139-148 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2003.08.025
  13. Hinds WC. Aerosol Technology, Wiley-Interscience publication 1982; 233-265
  14. Jones KC, Sanders G, Wild SR, Burnett V and Johnston AE. Evidence for a decline of PCBs and PAHs in rural vegetation and air in the United Kingdom, Nature 1992; 356: 137-139 https://doi.org/10.1038/356137a0
  15. Jones KC. Observations on long-term air-soil exchange of organic contaminants, Environmental Science Pollution Researches Institute 1994; 1: 171-177
  16. Mackay D, Shiu WY and Ma KC. Illustrated Handbook of Physical-chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organci Chemicals, Vol. 1, Monoaromatic Hydrocarbons, Chlorobenezens and PCBs, Cheisea/MI: Lewis Publishers 1992
  17. Maes J, Belpaire C and Goemans G. Spatial variations and temporal trends between 1994 and 2005 in polychlorinated biphenyls, organochlorine pesticides and heavy metals in European eel (Anguilla anguilla L.) in Flanders, Belgium, Environmental Pollution 2008; 153: 223-237 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2007.07.021
  18. Shim IY, Yeo HG, Choi MK, Kim TW and Chun MY. Spatial distribution of PCBs using pine needles, J of Korean Scienty of Envrionmental Engineers 2002; 24: 813-825
  19. Tanabe S. PCB problems in the future foresight from current knowledge, Environmental Pollution 1988; 50: 5-28 https://doi.org/10.1016/0269-7491(88)90183-2
  20. Thomas GO. The Behaviour of PCBs in the Dairy Foodchain, Ph.D Thesis, Institute of Environmental and Natural Science, Lancaster University, UK 1998
  21. Voogt DP and Brinkman UAT. Production, properties and usage of polychlorinated biphenyls In: Halogenated biphenyls, terphenyls, naphthalens, dibenzodioxins and related products. Eds: Kinmbrough RD and Jensen AA, ElsevierNorth Holland, Amsterdam 1989; 3-45
  22. Yeo HG, Choi MK, Chun MY and Sunwoo Y. Source characteristics in using temperature of atmospheric PCBs at urban and rural area, J of Korean Scienty of Envrionmental Engineers 2002a; 24(12): 2227-2237
  23. Yeo HG, Choi MK, Chun MY and Sunwoo Y. The distribution characteistics of polychlorinated biphenyls in rural atmosphere, J of Korean Society for Atmospheric Evironment 2002b; 18(E3): 143-151
  24. Yeo HG, Choi MK, Chun MY and Sunwoo Y. Air-soil partitioning of PCBs in rural area, J of Korean Society for Atmospheric Evironment 2003a; 19(E1): 1-9
  25. Yeo HG, Choi MK, Chun MY and Sunwoo Y. Gas/particle concentrations and partitioning of PCBs in the atmosphere of Korea, Atmospheric Environment 2003b; 37: 3561-3570 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(03)00361-3
  26. Yeo HG, Choi MK, Chun MY, Kim TW, Cho KC and Sunwoo Y. Concentration characteristics of atmospheric PCBs for urban and rural area, Korea, Science of the Total Environment 2004; 324: 261-270 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2003.10.031