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Childrens' Health Risk Assessment on Indoor Hazardous Air Pollutants of Preschool Facility

유아교육시설 내 실내공기유해오염물질에 대한 어린이 건강위해성평가

  • Koh, Yeon-Jung (Indoor Air Quality Division, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Kim, Shin-Do (Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Seoul) ;
  • Park, Suk-Young (Indoor Air Quality Division, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Jang, Seong-Ki (Indoor Air Quality Division, National Institute of Environmental Research)
  • 고연정 (국립환경과학원 실내환경과) ;
  • 김신도 (서울시립대학교 환경공학부) ;
  • 박숙영 (국립환경과학원 실내환경과) ;
  • 장성기 (국립환경과학원 실내환경과)
  • Published : 2009.04.30

Abstract

In this study, the hazard rate of the indoor environment of Children's Educational Facilities in Seoul was conducted, in order to determine how the indoor environments of these facilities, where infants and children spend the most time of their away from home day, can effect their health. The way of measurement and analysis were done according to the Indoor Air Quality Standard Method, and the Risk Assessment was accomplished with several significant ways - Hazard Identification, Exposure Assessment, Dose-response Assessment, Risk Characterization, which are deighed by National Research Council (NRC). On each exposure factors, documentary and questionary research such as Epidemiological study and Toxicological study were conducted. The result of the CTE (Central tendency exposure) of Formaldehyde and Benzene by Monte-Carlo simulation was $6.79{\times}10^{-6}$, $2.50{\times}10^{-7}$ which in the case of Formaldehyde exceeded the permitted standard ($10^{-6}$) of the US EPA. The RME(Reasonable maximum exposure) was $7.31{\times}10^{-5}$, $2.65{\times}10^{-6}$ which did not exceed $10^{-4}$, the maximum permitted standards in the US EPA.

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