DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Orthographic Influence in the Perception and Production of English Intervocalic Consonants: A Pilot Study

영어 모음사이 자음의 인지와 발화에서 철자의 영향: 파일럿 연구

  • 초미희 (경기대학교 영어영문학부) ;
  • 정주연 (경기대학교 영어영문학부)
  • Received : 2009.07.15
  • Accepted : 2009.09.30
  • Published : 2009.12.28

Abstract

While Korean allows the same consonants at the coda of the preceding syllable and at the onset of the following syllable, English does not allow the geminate consonants in the same intervocalic position. Due to this difference between Korean and English, Korean learners of English tend to incorrectly produce geminate consonants for English geminate graphemes as in $su\underline{mm}er$. Based on this observation, a pilot study was designed to investigate how Korean learners of English perceive and produce English doubleton graphemes and singleton graphemes. Twenty Korean college students were asked to perform a forced-choice perception test as well as a production test for the 36 real word stimuli which consist of (near) minimal pairs of singleton and doubleton graphemes. The result showed that the accuracy rates for the words with singleton graphemes were higher than those for the words with doubleton graphemes both in perception and production because the subjects misperceived and misproduced the doubleton graphemes as geminates due to orthographic influence. In addition, the low error rates of the word with voiced stops were accounted for by Korean language transfer. Further, spectrographic analyses were provided where more production errors were witnessed in doubleton grapheme words than singleton grapheme words. Finally, pedagogical implications are provided.

Keywords

Doubleton Grapheme;Singleton Grapheme;Geminate;Intervocalic;Perception Test;Production Test;Transfer;Spectrogram

References

  1. 강옥미, 한국어 음운론, 태학사, 2003.
  2. M. Hammond, The Phonology of English, New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
  3. O. Japersen, Modern English Grammar on Historical Principles, New York: Routledge, 1948.
  4. P. Ladefoged, A Course in Phonetics (5th edition), Boston: Thomson, 2006.
  5. R. Lado, Linguistics across Cultures, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1957.
  6. M. C. Pennington, Phonology in English Language Teaching, New York: Addison Wesley Longman, 1996.
  7. T. Pyles and J. Algeo, The Origins and Development of the English Language (4th edition), Boston: Thomson, 1993.