The Geographical Discrimination of Korean and Chinese Soybeans (Glycine max(L.) merrill) Using NMR Relaxation Methods

NMR relaxation 기법을 이용한 한국산과 중국산 대두의 원산지 판별

  • Published : 2009.06.30

Abstract

To discriminate the geographical origin (Korea vs. China) of soybean (Glycine max(L.) merrill) samples (Korean samples n=25, Chinese samples n=24), proximate composition of soybeans and relaxation times were analyzed using low field NMR. Composition results indicate that there are no significant differences in moisture, fat, or ash contents between soybeans. The crude protein content of Korean soybeans, however, was higher than that of Chinese soybeans (p<0.05). The relaxation times of T1-IR (p<0.0001), T1-SR (p<0.0001), and T2-SE (p<0.0086) in Korean soybeans were longer than those in Chinese soybeans. The geographical origin of soybeans could be identified using a canonical discriminant analysis using two relaxation times (T1-IR and T1-SR) with 96% accuracy. Furthermore, in this study, a canonical discriminant analysis using four relaxation times (T1-IR, T1-SR, T2-SE, and T2-CPMG) could discriminate the geographical origin with 100% accuracy. It was possible to identify the geographical origin of Korean and Chinese soybeans using relaxation times from 10 MHz NMR.

Keywords

NMR;soybean;discrimination;relaxation

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