A Study on the Characteristics of Gait in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain

만성요통환자의 보행특성에 관한 연구

  • Kim, Kyoung (Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Daegu University) ;
  • Ko, Joo-Yeon (Department of Physical Therapy, Bundang CHA General Hospital) ;
  • Lee, Sung-Young (Department of Physical Therapy, Seoul Veterans Hospital)
  • 김경 (대구대학교 재활과학대학 물리치료학과) ;
  • 고주연 (분당차병원 물리치료실) ;
  • 이성용 (보훈병원 물리치료실)
  • Received : 2009.02.16
  • Accepted : 2009.06.04
  • Published : 2009.06.25

Abstract

Purpose: This study examined the characteristics of gait in patients with chronic low back pain. Methods: The subjects were out-patients suffering from chronic low back pain at the department of physical therapy, B hospital in Seoul. Gait analysis was performed by dividing the subjects into two groups. The study and control group comprised 15 chronic low back pain patients and 14 healthy people, respectively. Gait analysis was performed using a VICON 512 Motion Analysis System to obtain the spatio-temporal and kinematic parameters. Results: First, there was a significant difference in the spatio-temporal parameters between the two groups (p<0.05). Second, the study group showed significant differences in the kinematic parameters during the stance phase (p<0.05). Third, there were significant differences in kinematic parameters in the study group during the swing phase (p<0.05). Conclusion: The gait pattern of patients with chronic low back pain is characterized by more rigid patterns. Compared to the control group, there was a decrease in the spatio-temporal parameters and kinematic parameters in patients with chronic low back pain. These findings are expected to play a role as basic data and to form a rehabilitation program for low back pain patients.

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