서남해역에서 허베이스피리트호 원유유출 사고에 의해 생성된 타르볼 방제작업

Response Activities for Tar Ball Pollution from the 'Hebei Spirit' Oil Spill in the Southwestern Sea of Korea

  • 조현진 (목포해양경찰서 해양오염방제과) ;
  • 김정엽 (목포해양경찰서 해양오염방제과) ;
  • 양문철 (목포해양경찰서 해양오염방제과) ;
  • 서광열 (목포해양경찰서 해양오염방제과) ;
  • 민남기 (목포해양경찰서 해양오염방제과) ;
  • 임승혁 (목포해양경찰서 해양오염방제과) ;
  • 전성근 (목포해양경찰서 해양오염방제과) ;
  • 김희식 (목포해양경찰서 해양오염방제과) ;
  • 김영화 (목포해양경찰서 해양오염방제과) ;
  • 김지훈 (목포해양경찰서 해양오염방제과) ;
  • 장선희 (목포해양경찰서 해양오염방제과)
  • Cho, Hyun-Jin (Pollution Response Department, Mokpo Coast Guard) ;
  • Kim, Jeong-Yeop (Pollution Response Department, Mokpo Coast Guard) ;
  • Yang, Mun-Chul (Pollution Response Department, Mokpo Coast Guard) ;
  • Seo, Kang-Ryul (Pollution Response Department, Mokpo Coast Guard) ;
  • Min, Nam-Gi (Pollution Response Department, Mokpo Coast Guard) ;
  • Im, Sung-Huk (Pollution Response Department, Mokpo Coast Guard) ;
  • Jeon, Sung-Gun (Pollution Response Department, Mokpo Coast Guard) ;
  • Kim, Hee-Sik (Pollution Response Department, Mokpo Coast Guard) ;
  • Kim, Young-Hwa (Pollution Response Department, Mokpo Coast Guard) ;
  • Kim, Gi-Hun (Pollution Response Department, Mokpo Coast Guard) ;
  • Chang, Sun-Hee (Pollution Response Department, Mokpo Coast Guard)
  • 투고 : 2009.09.10
  • 심사 : 2009.11.24
  • 발행 : 2009.11.25

초록

2007년 12월 7일 발생한 허베이스피리트호 원유유출 사고로 약 12,547 kL의 기름이 해상으로 유출되어 서해안의 해안선이 광범위하게 기름으로 뒤덮이는 결과가 초래되었다. 사고발생 며칠 후부터 타르볼이 서남해안에서 관측되었으며, 이에 대한 방제를 위해 해양경찰(KCG)은 해상에서는 뜰채 및 그물끌기 방법을 이용하였고, 해안에서는 그물치기, 주워내기, 쓸어 담기 등 3가지 방제방법을 이용하였다. 그물막 치기 방법은 해안이 타르볼로 오염되는 것을 예방하는데 효과적이었으며, 사고당시의 계절이 겨울이었던 점은 타르볼이 쉽게 굳어 자원봉사자나 주민들이 주워 내거나 쓸어 담는데 큰 이점이 될 수 있었다.

참고문헌

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