Bradykinin-induced $Ca^{2+}$ signaling in human oral squamous cell carcinoma HSC-3 cells

  • Sohn, Byung-Jin (Department of Physiology and Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University School of Dentistry) ;
  • Kang, Ji-Ah (Department of Physiology and Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University School of Dentistry) ;
  • Jo, Su-Hyun (Department of Physiology, Kangwon National University School of Medicine) ;
  • Choi, Se-Young (Department of Physiology and Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University School of Dentistry)
  • Published : 2009.06.30


Cytosolic $Ca^{2+}$ is an important regulator of tumor cell proliferation and metastasis. Recently, the strategy of blocking receptors and channels specific to certain cancer cell types has emerged as a potentially viable future treatment. Oral squamous cell carcinoma is an aggressive form of cancer with a high metastasis rate but the receptor-mechanisms involved in $Ca^{2+}$ signaling in these tumors have not yet been elucidated. In our present study, we report that bradykinin induces $Ca^{2+}$ signaling and its modulation in the human oral squamous carcinoma cell line, HSC-3. Bradykinin was found to increase the cytosolic $Ca^{2+}$ levels in a concentration-dependent manner. This increase was inhibited by pretreatment with the phospholipase C-${\beta}$ inhibitor, U73122, and also by 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate, an inhibitor of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor. Pretreatment with extracellular ATP also inhibited the peak bradykinin-induced $Ca^{2+}$ rise. In contrast, the ATP-induced rise in cytosolic $Ca^{2+}$ was not affected by pretreatment with bradykinin. Pretreatment of the cells with either forskolin or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (activators of adenylyl cyclase and protein kinase C, respectively) prior to bradykinin application accelerated the recovery of cytosolic $Ca^{2+}$ to baseline levels. These data suggest that bradykinin receptors are functional in $Ca^{2+}$ signaling in HSC-3 cells and may therefore represent a future target in treatment strategies for human oral squamous cell carcinoma.


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