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Comparison of Feeding Behavior of B and Q biotypes of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) against Red Pepper and Tomato Varieties

고추와 토마토 품종별 담배가루이 B와 Q biotype의 섭식행동 비교

  • Yang, Jeong-Oh (Dept. of Plant Medicine, College of Agriculture, Life, and Environment Sciences, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Eun-Hee (Dept. of Plant Medicine, College of Agriculture, Life, and Environment Sciences, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Yoon, Chang-Mann (Dept. of Plant Medicine, College of Agriculture, Life, and Environment Sciences, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Ahn, Ki-Su (Chungbuk Provincial ARES) ;
  • Kim, Gil-Hah (Dept. of Plant Medicine, College of Agriculture, Life, and Environment Sciences, Chungbuk National University)
  • 양정오 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 김은희 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 윤창만 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 안기수 (충북농업기술원 농업환경과) ;
  • 김길하 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과)
  • Published : 2009.06.30

Abstract

Nymphal development of the B and Q biotypes of Bemisia tabaci was normal on all seven tomato varieties tested. However, their nymphal development was different on red pepper varieties. B biotype was not normally developed on nine red pepper varieties tested. On the contrary, Q biotype was normally developed, but its adult emergence rate was very low in Nokkwang variety than in other eight varieties. The EPG analysis of the feeding behavior of Bemisia tabaci showed that B and Q biotypes had different duration of phloem phases on red pepper. Q biotype showed longer phloem phases than B biotype. On Nokkwang variety, Q biotype had short phloem phases and did not prefer to feed on Nokkwang variety. Interestingly, Q biotype was found to have long duration of phloem phases on eight red pepper varieties, but B biotype did not prefer to feed on red pepper varieties. However, both biotypes did not show any difference in feeding time on tomato varieties.

담배가루이 B와 Q biotype은 토마토 모든 7개 시험품종에서 정상적인 발육을 하였으나 고추 품종에서의 발육은 다르게 나타났다. B biotype은 9개 고추 품종에서 모두 발육이 정상적으로 이루어지지 않았으나 Q biotype은 정상적으로 발육하였다. 그러나 Q biotype은 녹광 품종에서는 낮은 우화율을 보였다. EPG를 이용한 체관부 섭식시간 분석에서 B와 Q biotype은 고추 품종에 대한 체관부 섭식시간에 차이가 있었으며 Q가 B biotype보다 섭식시간이 길었다. 고추 품종에서 Q biotype은 녹광 품종에서 짧은 섭식시간을 보여주어 녹광 품종을 섭식하지 않는 것으로 나타났으나, 나머지 고추 8개 품종에서는 섭식시간에 차이가 없었다. 또한, B biotype은 고추를 섭식하지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 토마토 품종에 대한 두 biotype의 체관부 섭식시간에는 차이가 없었다.

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