Epidemiologic Study on the Elderly Patients Visited Oral Medicine

고령환자의 구강내과 진료실태

  • Hong, Seong-Ju (Department of Oral Medicine, College of Dentistry, Chosun University) ;
  • Kang, Seung-Woo (Department of Oral Medicine, College of Dentistry, Chosun University) ;
  • Ryu, Ji-Won (Department of Oral Medicine, College of Dentistry, Chosun University) ;
  • Yoon, Chang-Lyuk (Department of Oral Medicine, College of Dentistry, Chosun University) ;
  • Cho, Young-Gon (Department of Conservative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Chosun University) ;
  • Ahn, Jong-Mo (Department of Oral Medicine, College of Dentistry, Chosun University)
  • 홍성주 (조선대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 강승우 (조선대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 유지원 (조선대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 윤창륙 (조선대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 조영곤 (조선대학교 치과대학 보존학교실) ;
  • 안종모 (조선대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실)
  • Published : 2009.06.30

Abstract

We reviewed retrospectively the medical records of 600 elderly patients, over 65 years old who visited oral medicine. The ratio of the age group was composed of 65${\sim}$74 years old group was 63.7%, 75${\sim}$84 years old group was 32.2%, over 85years old group was 4.2%, and the patients were mostly females. The main chief complaint was composed of oral soft tissue problem(44.1%) and oromaxillofacial pain(39.0%). The majority of systemic diseases was composed of diseases of the circulatory system(30.1%), diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue(16.8%), endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases, and diseases of the digestive system(10.1%). The numerous pateints were diagnosed as soft tissue disease(32.0%), arthrogenous disease(24.1%), and myogenous disease(18.1%) of temporomandibular disease.Principally medication(43.9%), physical therapy(24.2%) were performed. 14.2% of all patients visited oral medicine with a letter of request written by other medical departments or local dental clinics, or referred from other departments in Chosun university dental hospital. These findings indicate epidemiologic characteristics on the elderly patients visited oral medicine. We hope that this study will play a basis in the future research about the elderly patients.

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