DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Evaluation of Fatigue Crack Initiation Life in a Press-Fitted Shaft Considering the Fretting Wear

프레팅 마모를 고려한 압입축의 피로균열 발생수명 예측

  • 이동형 (한국철도기술연구원) ;
  • 권석진 (한국철도기술연구원 철도시스템연구본부) ;
  • 유원희 (한국철도기술연구원 철도시스템연구본부) ;
  • 최재붕 (성균관대학교 기계공학부) ;
  • 김영진 (성균관대학교 기계공학부)
  • Published : 2009.10.01

Abstract

In this paper, the procedure to estimate fatigue crack initiation life has been established by considering fretting wear and multiaxial stress states on the contact surface of press-fitted shafts. And a method to calculate the local friction coefficient during the running-in period of fretting wear process has been proposed. The predicted result of worn surface profile in the press-fitted shaft with non-linear local friction coefficient can avoid excessive wear depth estimation compared with that for the case of constant local friction coefficient. Furthermore, the predicted fatigue crack initiation lives based on Smith-Watson-Topper model considering the fretting wear are in good agreement with the experimental data. Consequently, the present method is valid not only for predicting worn surface profile, but also for assessing fatigue crack initiation lives considering the fretting wear during the running-in period in press fits.

Keywords

Fretting;Fretting Wear;Fretting Fatigue;Press-Fitted Shaft;Fatigue Crack Initiation Life

References

  1. Hirakawa, K., Toyama, K. and Kubota, M., 1998, 'The Analysis and Prevention of Failure in Railway Axles,' Int. J. Fatigue, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 135-144 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0142-1123(97)00096-0
  2. Smith, R.A. and Hillmansen, S., 2004, 'A Brief Historical Overview of the Fatigue of Railway Axles,' Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs. Part F: J. Rail and Rapid Transit, Vol. 218, No. 4, pp. 267-278 https://doi.org/10.1243/0954409043125932
  3. Ishizuka, H., Akama, M., Hanaoka, T., Satoh, Y., Motomatsu, H., and Tezuka, K., 1995, 'Fracture Mechanics Evaluation of Fatigue Tests Using Shinkansen Vehicle Axles with Artificial Flaws on Their Wheelseats,' RTRI Report, Vol. 9, No. 6, pp. 25-30. (In Japanese)
  4. Akama, M., 2002, 'Bayesian Analysis for the Results of Fatigue Test Using Full-Scale Models to Obtain the Accurate Failure Probabilities of the Shinkansen Vehicle Axle,' Reliability Engineering & System Safety, Vol. 75, pp. 321-332 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0951-8320(01)00129-6
  5. Lee, D.H., Goo, B.C., Lee, C.W., Choi, J.B., and Kim, Y.J., 2005, 'Fatigue Life Evaluation of Press-Fitted Specimens by Using Multiaxial Fatigue Theory at Contact Edge,' Key engineering materials, Vol. 297-300, pp. 108-114 https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.297-300.108
  6. Ekberg, A., 2004, 'Fretting Fatigue of Railway Axles-A Review of Predictive Methods and an Outline of a Finite Element Method ' Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs., Part F : J. Rail and Rapid Transit, Vol. 218, pp. 299-316 https://doi.org/10.1243/0954409043125905
  7. Ding, J., Leen, S. B. and McColl, I. R., 2004, 'The Effect of Slip Regime on Fretting Wear- Induced Stress Evolution,' International journal of fatigue, Vol. 26, pp. 521-531 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2003.09.001
  8. Madge, J.J., Leen, S.B., McColl, I.R. and Shipway, P.H., 2007, 'Contact-Evolution Based Prediction of Fretting Fatigue Life: Effect of Slip Amplitude,' Wear, Vol. 262, pp. 1159-1170 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2006.11.004
  9. Madge, J.J., Leen, S.B. and Shipway, P.H., 2007, 'The Critical Role of Fretting Wear in the Analysis of Fretting Fatigue,' Wear, Vol. 263, pp. 542-551 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2006.11.021
  10. Goryacheva, I.G., 1998, Contact Mechanics in Tribology, Series: Solid Mechanics and Its Applications, Vol. 61, Kluwer Academic, Boston, MA
  11. Yang, L.J., 2005, 'A Test Methodology for the Determination of Wear Coefficient,' Wear, Vol. 259, pp. 1453-1461 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2005.01.026
  12. Lee, D. H., Kwon, S. J., Choi, J. B., and Kim, Y. J., 2008, 'Fretting Wear Simulation of Press-Fitted Shaft with Finite Element Analysis and Influence Function Method,' Trans. of the KSME(A), Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 54-62. (In Korean) https://doi.org/10.3795/KSME-A.2008.32.1.054
  13. Nishioka, K. and Hirakawa, K., 1969, 'Fundamental Investigations of Fretting Fatigue (Part 5. The Effect of Relative Slip Amplitude),' Bull. of JSME, Vol. 12, No. 52, pp. 692-697 https://doi.org/10.1299/jsme1958.12.692
  14. Ruiz, C., Boddington, P.H.B. and Chen, K.C., 1984, 'An Investigation of Fatigue and Fretting in a Dovetail Joint,' Experimental Mechanics, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 208-217 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02323167
  15. Lykins, C.D., Mall, S. and Jain, V., 2000, 'An Evaluation of Parameters for Predicting Fretting Fatigue Crack Initiation,' International Journal of Fatigue, Vol. 22, pp. 703-716 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0142-1123(00)00036-0
  16. Fatemi, A. and Socie, D.F., 1988, 'Critical Plane Approach to Multiaxial Fatigue Damage Including Out-of-Phase Loading,' Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 149-165 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2695.1988.tb01169.x
  17. Stephens, R. I., Fatemi, A., Stephens, R. R. and Fuchs, H. O., 2001, Metal Fatigue in Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp. 329-332
  18. Dobromirski J.M., 1992, 'Variables of Fretting Process: Are There 50 of Them?,' in M. H. Attia & R. B. Waterhouse, eds, `Standardization of Fretting Fatigue: Test Methods and Equipment', ASTM STP 1159, American Society of Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA, pp. 69-84
  19. Waterhouse, R. B., 1992, 'Fretting Fatigue,' International Materials Reviews, Vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 77-97 https://doi.org/10.1179/imr.1992.37.1.77
  20. Makino, T., Yamamoto, M. and Hirakawa, K., 2000, 'Fracture Mechanics Approach to the Fretting Fatigue Strength of Axle Assemblies,' in Fretting Fatigue: Current Technology and Practices, ASTM STP 1367, D. W. Hoeppner, V. Chandrasekaran, and C. B. Elliott, Eds., American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA., pp. 509-522
  21. Lee, D. H., Kwon, S. J., Choi, J. B., and Kim, Y. J., 2007, 'Experimental Study on Fatigue Crack Initiation and Propagation due to Fretting Damage in Press-fitted Shaft,' Trans. of the KSME(A), Vol. 31, No. 6, pp. 701-709. (In Korean) https://doi.org/10.3795/KSME-A.2007.31.6.701
  22. Archard, J. F., 1953, 'Contact and Rubbing of Flat Surfaces,' J. Appl. Phys., Vol. 24, pp. 981-988 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1721448
  23. Szolwinski, M.P. and Farris, T.N., 1998, 'Observation, Analysis and Prediction of Fretting Fatigue in 2024-T351 Aluminum Alloy,' Wear, Vol. 221, pp. 24-36 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1648(98)00264-6
  24. Smith, K.N., Watson, P. and Topper, T.H., 1970, 'A Stress-Strain Function for the Fatigue of Metals,' J. Mater., Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 767-778
  25. Kim, J-W., Lee, Y-Z., 2000, 'The Changes of Residual Stresses on Sliding Surfaces During Break-in and Scuffing,' J. of the KSTLE, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 182-187

Cited by

  1. Stress Spectrum Algorithm Development for Fatigue Crack Growth Analysis and Experiment for Aircraft Wing Structure vol.39, pp.12, 2015, https://doi.org/10.3795/KSME-A.2015.39.12.1281