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Antimutagenic and Antitumor Effects of Codonopsis lanceolata Extracts

더덕 추출물의 항돌연변이 및 항종양 효과

  • Kim, Soo-Hyun (Dept. of Food Science and Biotechnology, Division of Biotechnology, School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Choi, Hyun-Jin (Dept. of Food Science and Biotechnology, Division of Biotechnology, School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Chung, Mi-Ja (The Nutraceutical Bio Brain Korea 21 Project Group, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Cui, Cheng-Bi (Dept. of Food Science and Engineering, Agricultural College of Yanbian University) ;
  • Ham, Seung-Shi (Dept. of Food Science and Biotechnology, Division of Biotechnology, School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University)
  • 김수현 (강원대학교 생명공학부) ;
  • 최현진 (강원대학교 생명공학부) ;
  • 정미자 (강원대학교 BK21 사업단(뉴트라슈티컬 바이오)) ;
  • 최승필 (연변대학농학원 식품과학부) ;
  • 함승시 (강원대학교 생명공학부)
  • Published : 2009.10.31

Abstract

This study was carried out to investigate the mutagenic, antimutagenic, cytotoxicity and antitumor effect of Codonopsis lanceolata (CL). CL was extracted with 70% ethanol and then further fractionated to hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, butanol and water. Antimutagenic, cytotoxicity and antitumor effects of CL extracts were measured by using Ames test, SRB method, and the tumor growth inhibition test. CL extracts did not show any mutagenicity in the Ames test; however, 70% ethanol extracts and its fractions had strong antimutagenic effects against mutation induced by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) and 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO). The ethyl acetate fraction of CL (200 ${\mu}g$/plate) showed approximately 72.1% inhibitory effect on the mutagenesis induced by 4NQO against TA98 strain, whereas 69.6% and 67.0% inhibitions were observed on the mutagenesis induced by MNNG and 4NQO against TA100 strain. In anticancer effects, the cytotoxicity of CL extract and its fractions against cancer cell lines including human cervical adenocarcinoma (HeLa), human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2), human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), human lung carcinoma (A549) and transformed primary human embryo kidney (293) were investigated. The treatment of 1 mg/mL CL ethyl acetate fraction had the highest cytotoxicity of 74.5%, 70.7% and 80.3% against HeLa, MCF-7 and A549 cells, respectively. In contrast, the extract and its fractions showed only 2$\sim$31% cytotoxicity for a normal human kidney cell line (293). In vivo anticancer effect of CL extract was tested using Balb/c mice transplanted sarcoma-180 cells. CL ethyl acetate fraction showed the highest inhibition rate of 56.4% at the 50 mg/kg concentration.

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