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Induction of Apoptosis by Citrus grandis Osbeck Peel (CGP) Extract in HL60 Cells

당유자 과피 추출물에 의한 HL60 세포의 Apoptosis 유도

  • Hyon, Jae-Seok (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Jeju College of Technology) ;
  • Kang, Sung-Myung (School of Marine Biomedicinal Sciences, Jeju National University) ;
  • Kim, Areum-Daseul (School of Marine Biomedicinal Sciences, Jeju National University) ;
  • Oh, Myung-Cheol (Dept. of Tourism Hotel Culinary Art, Jeju College of Technology) ;
  • Oh, Chang-Kyung (Dept. of Tourism Hotel Culinary Art, Jeju College of Technology) ;
  • Kim, Dong-Woo (Central Research Center, Natural F&P Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Jeon, You-Jin (School of Marine Biomedicinal Sciences, Jeju National University) ;
  • Kim, Soo-Hyun (Dept. of Food Bioengineering, Jeju National University)
  • 현재석 (제주산업정보대학 식품영양과) ;
  • 강성명 (제주대학교 해양의생명과학부) ;
  • 김아름다슬 (제주대학교 해양의생명과학부) ;
  • 오명철 (제주산업정보대학 관광호텔조리과) ;
  • 오창경 (제주산업정보대학 관광호텔조리과) ;
  • 김동우 ((주)네추럴 F&P 중앙연구소) ;
  • 전유진 (제주대학교 해양의생명과학부) ;
  • 김수현 (제주대학교 식품생명공학과)
  • Published : 2009.10.31

Abstract

In the present study, we investigated the anti-proliferation activity of Citrus grandis Osbeck peel (CGP) in HL60 (human promyelocytic leukemia) cells. It was found that 80% ethanol extract of CGP could inhibit the cell growth in a dose-dependent manner ($250{\sim}1,000{\mu}g/mL$), which was associated with morphological changes and apoptotic cell death such as depolarized mitochondrial membrane, formation of apoptotic bodies and increased populations of apoptotic sub-G1 phase. The results indicate that CGP extract inhibits the growth of HL60 cancer cells by the induction of apoptosis, which may be mediated by its ability to change the Bcl family proteins and increase the activation of caspase-3 and PARP. Therefore, it is suggested that CGP has the potential to provide a remarkable natural defense against the proliferation of HL60 cells.

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