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감국, 산국 및 구절초꽃 캔디의 항산화활성과 품질특성

Quality Characteristics and Antioxidant Activity of Chrysanthemum indicum L., C. boreale M., and C. zawadskii K. Flowers Candies

  • Lee, Sang-Hoon (Dept. of Food Science and Technology, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Hwang, In-Guk (Dept. of Food Science and Technology, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, Ha-Kyoo (Dept. of Food Science and Technology, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Shin, So-Lim (Dept. of Horticultural Science, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Chang, Young-Deug (Dept. of Horticultural Science, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, Chul-Hee (Dept. of Horticultural Science, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Jeong, Heon-Sang (Dept. of Food Science and Technology, Chungbuk National University)
  • 발행 : 2009.10.31

초록

감국, 산국 및 구절초 열수추출물의 첨가량을 달리하여 캔디를 제조하고 이들의 품질특성과 항산화특성 및 관능특성을 조사하였다. 색도의 경우 추출물의 첨가량의 증가와 함께 L값(명도)은 감소하였고, a값(적색도)과 b값(황색도)은 증가하였다. pH의 경우 감국, 산국 및 구절초 캔디는 각각 5.81$\sim$5.92, 5.77$\sim$5.85 및 5.83$\sim$5.94로 추출물 첨가량이 증가할수록 감소하였으며, 산도는 추출물의 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 증가하였다. 수분함량도 추출물의 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 증가하였다. 용해도는 초기에 급격하게 증가하였으며, 경도는 추출물의 첨가량이 증가할수록 감소하였다. 총 폴리페놀 및 플라보노이드 함량, 전자공여능, 총 항산화력은 추출물 첨가량의 증가에 따라 증가하였으며, 구절초 캔디가 각각 0.815$\sim$2.706 mg/g, 0.147$\sim$0.856 mg/g, 15.217$\sim$76.236% 및 0.514$\sim$3.167 mg AA eq/g으로 감국 및 산국 캔디보다 높았다. 관능평가 결과 색은 추출물 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 감소하였으며, 향의 경우 감국 캔디는 15% 첨가구, 구절초 캔디는 10% 첨가구에서 각각 5.20과 5.35로 높게 평가되었다. 맛의 경우 산국 캔디는 추출물 첨가량의 증가에 따라 감소하였으며, 감국과 구절초 캔디의 경우는 10% 첨가구에서 각각 5.30과 5.60으로 높게 나타났다. 조직감은 경도가 낮을수록 낮은 점수를 얻었다. 종합적인 기호도에서 감국과 구절초 캔디의 경우 10% 첨가구에서 각각 5.75와 6.00으로 높은 평가를 받았으나, 추출물의 첨가량이 증가할수록 낮은 점수를 받았다.

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