Comparison of Food Habit and the Factors Associated with Obesity between Obese Children and Normal Children in Elementary School in Incheon

인천 일부 지역 초등학교의 정상 아동과 비만 아동 간의 식습관 및 비만 관련 요인 비교

  • Hong, Sun-Hee (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Inha University) ;
  • Kim, Young-A (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Inha University)
  • 홍선희 (인하대학교 생활과학대학 식품영양학) ;
  • 김영아 (인하대학교 생활과학대학 식품영양학)
  • Received : 2008.10.28
  • Accepted : 2009.03.04
  • Published : 2009.04.30

Abstract

This study was performed in order to investigate the difference of general environment, life style, dietary behavior and food habit between the obese children and normal children. The number of subject was 98 obese children, 347 normal children. General characteristic was not significantly different, however father's BMI of obese children was significantly (p<0.05) higher than that of normal children. There was significant difference between obese children and normal children in mother's office-closing hour (p<0.05). Normal children spent more time to play outdoor than obese children in their free time. Normal children slept over 8 hours, but obese children slept below 8 hours. Most of obese children (70.4%) ate too many times and most of obese children (72.4%) recognized their overweight. Parents of obese children considered that their children need to control their weight and correct their eating habits such as overeating. Obese children could not bear hunger and kept eating a meal until they feel full. Obese children preferred fried or broiled food. Therefore nutritional education is necessary to improve the food habits of obese children and to reduce the obesity rate of children.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 인하대학교

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