액비의 밑거름 연용이 배추의 수량 및 토양 양분 함량에 미치는 영향

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임태준;이인복;강석범;박진면;홍순달
Lim, Tae-Jun;Lee, In-Bog;Kang, Seok-Beom;Park, Jin-Myeon;Hong, Soon-Dal

  • 발행 : 2009.09.30

초록

돈분액비와 같은 가축분 퇴비의 공급은 유용한 유기 자원으로서 뿐만 아니라 작물에 필요한 영양을 공급하는 역할로서 알려져 있다. 하지만, 돈분 액비의 연용에 따른 작물 재배 대한 연구 결과의 보고는 많지 않다. 본 연구의 목적은 4작기 (2007-2008) 배추 연용 토양에서 SCB액비 처리에 대한 토양화학적 특성의 변화 및 수량에의 영향을 화학 비료구를 대조구로 하여 평가하고자 하였다. 시험작물은 봄작기에는 노랑 봄배추를 가을작기에는 노란자배추를 이용하였으며 정식 후 수확까지의 재배일은 연도순으로 각각 봄작기에는 58, 50일이었으며 가을작기에는 72, 75일 기간동안 재배하였다. SCB 액비의 시용량은 토양검정 후 질소요구량에 대하여 액비 중의 총 질소 함량을 기준으로 매 작기별 해당량을 시용하였고 추비는 화학비료로 하여 공급하였다. 비료의 시비비율은 35% : 65%의 비율로 공급하였으며 대조구인 화학비료구도 동일한 비율로 처리하였다. 4작기 동안에의 배추 수량에 있어서 SCB 액비와 화학비료와의 수량의 차이는 없었으며 또한 배추의 당 및 비타민 C 함량 비교 분석에서도 통계적인 유의성은 없었다. 양분이용효율 및 토양 중 미량원소 등에서도 처리간의 차이는 보이지 않았으나, 토양양분함량의 변화에 있어서 액비의 2회 연용 시부터 치환성 나트륨 함량의 증가를 보였다. 이러한 결과는 밑거름으로 추천된 질소량에 대한 SCB 액비의 다년간의 시용은 수량은 만족하지만 토양 중의 치환성 나트륨 함량을 증가시킨다고 판단된다.

키워드

Chinese cabbage;Pig slurry;Soil mineral contents

참고문헌

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