Chemical Components and Biological Activity of Stauntonia hexaphylla

멀꿀의 화학성분과 생리활성

  • 박윤점 (원광대학교 원예애완동식물학부) ;
  • 박용서 (목포대학교 원예과학과) ;
  • 코삭 (목포대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 박재옥 (전남농업기술원) ;
  • 김영민 (동의나라(주)) ;
  • 정규진 (전남도립대학 호텔조리영양학과) ;
  • 조자용 (전남도립대학 약선식품가공과) ;
  • 이경동 (동신대학교 한약재산업학과) ;
  • 허복구 ((재)나주시천연염색문화재단)
  • Published : 2009.10.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to gather the basic data on the increase of utilization for the Japanese staunton vine (Stauntonia hexaphylla), native plants which were grown in the southern districts in Korea. We have also determined their partial physical and chemical compositions and their physiological activities. Vitamin C contents in fruit skin was 85.23 mg/100 g, and that in flesh was 61.67 mg/100 g. Total amino acids contents in fruit skin increased much more by 762.72 mg/100 g DW compared to that in flesh by 434.05 mg/100 g DW. Inorganic matter contents were more increased in the fruit skin (108.48 mg/$\ell$) and its main components were K (76.53 mg/$\ell$), Ca (20.20 mg/$\ell$) and Mg (6.22 mg/$\ell$). Total phenol compound and flavonoid contents in 1,000 mg/$\ell$ methanol extracts were 7.3-9.6 mg/$\ell$ and 5.1-6.7 mg/$\ell$. Nitrite radical scavenging activity in 4,000 mg/$\ell$ methanol extracts of fruit skin and flesh for Stauntonia hexaphylla were 79.5% and 77.8%, however, that in seeds was 17.1%. Overall mushroom tyrosinase inhibition activity (% of control) was less than 10.8%. Anti-microbial activities of methanol extracts from the fruit skin against the gram negative and positive microbial strains were not significant in the lower concentration of extracting solution, however, that from flesh and seeds in terms of the inhibition diameter were $8.91{\sim}12.25\;mm$.

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