Effects of Glycemic Index for Boiled White Rice and Boiled White Rice Mixed with Grains on Food Consumption and Satiety Rate

백미밥과 잡곡밥의 당지수 차이가 열량 섭취량 및 포만감에 미치는 영향

  • Jung, Eun-Young (Dept. of Food & Nutrition, Korea University) ;
  • Suh, Hyung-Joo (Dept. of Food & Nutrition, Korea University) ;
  • Hong, Yang-Hee (Dept. of Food & Nutrition, Dongduk Women's University) ;
  • Lee, In-Yi (Dept. of Obesity & Management, Dongduk Women's University) ;
  • Kim, Dong-Geon (Dept. of Statistics & Information Science, Dongduk Women's University) ;
  • Kim, Mi-Ok (Dept. of Health & Diet, Daegu Health College) ;
  • Chang, Un-Jae (Dept. of Food & Nutrition, Dongduk Women's University)
  • 정은영 (고려대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 서형주 (고려대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 홍양희 (동덕여자대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 이인이 (동덕여자대학교 비만미용향장대학원 비만관리학과) ;
  • 김동건 (동덕여자대학교 정보통계학과) ;
  • 김미옥 (대구보건대학 건강다이어트과) ;
  • 장은재 (동덕여자대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Received : 2009.02.23
  • Accepted : 2009.04.15
  • Published : 2009.05.02

Abstract

In this study, we examined whether the glycemic index (GI) values of boiled white rice (GI=86) and boiled white rice mixed with grains (GI=58) could influence the total energy intake and satiety rate of a rice-based diet. Thirty adult females participated in this study, in which they ate boiled white rice, or boiled white rice mixed with grains, along with side dishes for lunch, and then ate the same white rice diet for dinner in the lab once a week for 2 weeks. There was no significant difference in the visual analogue scales for taste between the two diets. Although there were no differences between the subjects' energy intakes for side dishes, the total energy consumed from the boiled white rice mixed with grains diet (520.5 kcal) was significantly (p<0.001) lower than that consumed from the boiled white rice diet (560.2 kcal). For dinner, the subjects consumed significantly (p<0.001) lower calories when they had eaten the boiled white rice mixed with grains diet for lunch as compared to the boiled white rice diet. In addition, the subjects reported significantly (p<0.01, p<0.001) higher satiety rates after consuming the boiled white rice mixed with grains diet compared to the boiled white rice diet, despite consuming lower calories. In conclusion, these results indicate that consuming low GI rice such as boiled white rice mixed with grains substituted for boiled white rice, may be a useful strategy for weight loss and weight management since individuals will consume less energy without experiencing a reduction in satiety.

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