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Spark Plasma Sintering and Ultra-Precision Machining Characteristics of SiC

  • Son, Hyeon-Taek (Automotive Components Center Team, Honam Technology Application Division, KITECH) ;
  • Kim, Dae-Guen (Automotive Components Center Team, Honam Technology Application Division, KITECH) ;
  • Park, Soon-Sub (Automotive Components Center Team, Honam Technology Application Division, KITECH) ;
  • Lee, Jong-Hyeon (Graduate School of Green Energy Technology, and Department of Nano Materials Engineering, Chungnam National University)
  • Published : 2010.11.27

Abstract

The liquid-phase sintering method was used to prepare a glass lens forming core composed of SiC-$Al_2O_3-Y_2O_3$. Spark plasma sintering was used to obtain dense sintered bodies. The sintering characteristics of different SiC sources and compositions of additives were studied. Results revealed that, owing to its initial larger surface area, $\alpha$-SiC offers sinterability that is superior to that of $\beta$-SiC. A maximum density of $3.32\;g/cm^3$ (theoretical density [TD] of 99.7%) was obtained in $\alpha$-SiC-10 wt% ($6Al_2O_3-4Y_2O_3$) sintered at $1850^{\circ}C$ without high-energy ball milling. The maximum hardness and compression stress of the sintered body reached 2870 Hv and 1110 MPa, respectively. The optimum ultra-precision machining parameters were a grinding speed of 1243 m/min, work spindle rotation rate of 100 rpm, feed rate of 0.5 mm/min, and depth of cut of $0.2\;{\mu}m$. The surface roughnesses of the thus prepared final products were Ra = 4.3 nm and Rt = 55.3 nm for the aspheric lens forming core and Ra = 4.4 nm and Rt = 41.9 for the spherical lens forming core. These values were found to be sufficiently low, and the cores showed good compatibility between SiC and the diamond-like carbon (DLC) coating material. Thus, these glass lens forming cores have great potential for application in the lens industry.

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