Analytical Study for the Safety of the Bird Strike to the Small Aircraft Having a Composite Wing

복합재 주익을 갖는 소형항공기 조류충돌 시 안전성에 관한 해석적 연구

  • Park, Ill-Kyung (Korea Aerospace Research Institute / Aerodynamics & Structures Department) ;
  • Kim, Seung-Jun (Korea Aerospace Research Institute / Aerodynamics & Structures Department) ;
  • Choe, Ik-Hyun (Korea Aerospace Research Institute / Aerodynamics & Structures Department) ;
  • An, Seok-Min (Korea Aerospace Research Institute / Aerodynamics & Structures Department) ;
  • Yeo, Chan-Hong (Korea Aerospace Research Institute / Aeronautics Technology Division)
  • 박일경 (한국항공우주연구원 공력구조팀) ;
  • 김성준 (한국항공우주연구원 공력구조팀) ;
  • 최익현 (한국항공우주연구원 공력구조팀) ;
  • 안석민 (한국항공우주연구원 공력구조팀) ;
  • 염찬홍 (한국항공우주연구원 항공기술실)
  • Published : 2010.01.01


The bird strike to small aircraft has not been an issue because of its low speed and usage as a private aircraft. So, the compliance of the bird strike regulation is limited to large fixed-wing aircraft such as the commuter category in FAR Part 23 and the civil aircraft in FAR Part 25, generally. However, the forecast of dramatic increasing of VLJ(Very Light Jet), the usage of a composite material for an aircraft structure and flight time of general aviation due to Air-taxi for the point to point transportation, would rise up the need of bird strike regulations and a safety enhancement in normal and utility categorized aircraft. In this study, the safety of bird strike to small aircraft wing leading edge made of a metal and a composite material were compared using the explicit finite element analysis.


  1. Tho, C. H. and Micheal R. Smith, 2008, "Accurate Bird Strike Simulation Methodology for BA609 Tiltrotor," AHS 64th Annual Forum, Montreal, Canada, April 29 - May 1. 2008
  2. Cleary, E., et al., 2007, "Wildlife Strikes to Civil Aircraft in the United States 1990-2006," Federal Aviation Administration National Wildlife Strike Database, No. 13, July
  3. 2008, "14 CFR Part 23, 25, 27, 29," Federal Aviation Administration
  4. 2007, "FAA Aerospace Forecasts Fiscal Years 2006-2017," Faderal Aviation Administration
  5. Lagrand, B., Bayart, A.-S., Chauveau, Y. and Deletombe, E., "Assessment of Multi-Physics FE Methods for Bird Strike Modeling-Application to a Metallic Riveted Airframe," Int. J. Crashworthiness 207;7/4;:405-28
  6. Barber, J.P., H. R. Taylor and J. S. Wilbeck., 1975, "Characterization of Bird Impacts on a Rigid Plate: Part I," Technical Report AFFDL-TR-75-5
  7. Wilbeck, J. S., 1977, "Impact Behavior of Low Strength Projectile," Technical Report AFFDL-TR-77-134
  8. Hanssen, A. G., Girard, Y., Olovsson, L., Berstad, T. and Langseth., M., 2004, "A Numerical Model for Bird Strike of Aluminium Foam Based Sandwich Panels," International Journal of Impact Engineering
  9. Tomblin, J., Sherraden, J., Seneniratne, W., K. Raju., S., 2002, "A-Basis and B-Basis Design Allowables for Epoxy-Based Prepreg - TORAY T700SC-12K-50C/ #2510 Plain Weave Fabric[US Units],“ AGATE-WP3.3-033051-131, Sept
  10. 2007, “$LS-Dyna^{(R)}$ Keyword User's Manual,” Version971, Livermore Software Technology Corporation, May
  11. 1996, “Cessna 172R-Information/Service/Maintenance Manual,” Cessna-A Textron Company
  12. Carlos Alberto Heurtas-Ortecho., 2006, “Robust Bird Strike Modeling Using LS Dyna," Master Thesis, University of Puerto Rico Mayaguez Campus
  13. Carlos Shultz, Jim Peters., “Bird Strike Simulation Using Ansys LS/DYNA," Phoenix Analysis And Design Technologies, Inc.

Cited by

  1. A numerical study on the influence of the amount of internal fuel in a bird strike test for the external auxiliary fuel tank of rotorcraft pp.1754-2111, 2017,
  2. Bird-Strike Damage Analysis and Preliminary Design of Composite Radome Structure Using Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics pp.1573-4897, 2018,