- Volume 16 Issue 4
This article analyzes and discusses M.M. Bakhtin's dialogics with the perspectives of what it emphasizes and how it makes the Russian Formalism and the Marxist literary theory together in his dialogics. This article considers conversion in the literary texts the central idea of dialogics, and it takes place through satire and parody. As Bakhtin stresses in his works, this article also examines the novel as the dominant genre in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Such satire and parody shows the ambivalence of the Russian Formalism and the Marxist literary theory. Bakhtin states that novel per se is very conversing. It has turned over the position that has been occupied by epics (poetry) and play for thousands years, and taken it over in the nineteenth century. Thus, novel is a literary genre in which a variety of conversing struggles occur throughout the texts, which makes it different from epics and play. Throughout such analyses and discussions, this paper considers Bakhtin's dialogics a complex of semantic, pragmatic, and semiotic elements.
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