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Study of single dose toxic test of Sweet Bee Venom in Beagle Dogs

Sweet Bee Venom의 비글견을 이용한 단회근육시술 독성시험

  • Yoon, Hye-Chul (Dept. of Acupuncture & Moxibustion, Oriental Medical College, Sangji University) ;
  • Lee, Kwang-Ho (Dept. of Acupuncture & Moxibustion, Oriental Medical College, Sangji University) ;
  • Kwon, Ki-Rok (Dept. of Acupuncture & Moxibustion, Oriental Medical College, Sangji University)
  • 윤휘철 (상지대학교 한의과대학 침구학교실) ;
  • 이광호 (상지대학교 한의과대학 침구학교실) ;
  • 권기록 (상지대학교 한의과대학 침구학교실)
  • Received : 2010.08.23
  • Accepted : 2010.11.11
  • Published : 2010.12.30

Abstract

Objectives : This study was performed to analyse single dose toxicity of Sweet Bee Venom(Sweet BV) extracted from the bee venom in Beagle dogs. Methods : All experiments were conducted under the regulations of Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) at Biotoxtech Company, a non-clinical study authorized institution. Male and female Beagle dogs of 5-6 months old were chosen for the pilot study of single dose toxicity of Sweet BV which was administered at the level of 9.0 mg/kg body weight which is 1300 times higher than the clinical application dosage as the high dosage, followed by 3.0 and 1.0 mg/kg as midium and low dosage, respectively. Equal amount of excipient(normal saline) to the Sweet BV experiment groups was administered as the control group. Results : 1. No mortality was witnessed in all of the experiment groups. 2. Hyperemia and movement disorder were observed around the area of administration in all the experiment groups, and higher occurrence in the higher dosage treatment. 3. For weight measurement, Neither male nor female groups showed significant changes. 4. To verify abnormalities of organs and tissues, thigh muscle which treated with Sweet BV, brain, liver, lung, kidney, and spinal cords were removed and histologocal observation using H-E staining was conducted. In the histologocal observation of thigh muscle, cell infiltration, inflammation, degeneration, necrosis of muscle fiber, and fibrosis were found in both thigh tissue. And the changes depend on the dose of Sweet BV. But the other organs did not showed in any abnormality. 5. The maximum dose of Sweet BV in Beagle dogs were over 9 mg/kg in this study. Conclusions : The above findings of this study suggest that Sweet BV is a relatively safe treatment medium. Further studies on the toxicity of Sweet BV should be conducted to yield more concrete evidences.

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