Transjugular occlusion of patent ductus arteriosus using an Amplatz canine ductal occluder in a Cocker spaniel dog

  • Choi, Ran (School of Veterinary Medicine, Kangwon National Univeristy) ;
  • Hyun, Changbaig (School of Veterinary Medicine, Kangwon National Univeristy)
  • Accepted : 2009.11.17
  • Published : 2010.03.30

Abstract

A 5-year-old female Cocker spaniel dog (body weight 7.0 kg) was presented with primary complaints of exercise intolerance and loud precordial thrill which was noticed since she was a puppy. Physical examination revealed a grade V/VI continuous murmur over the maximal point of the left basal area, bounding femoral pulse, but no differential cyanosis. Tall R waves were detected in electrocardiogram, suggesting left ventricular enlargement. Diagnostic imaging studies showed enlarged left ventricle, bulged descending aorta (dAo), markedly dilated right pulmonary artery, and continuous shunt flow between the dAo and main pulmonary artery. Based on these findings, the dog was diagnosed as left to right shunted patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). The patent ductus arteriosus was treated by lodging a PDA duct occluder via the transvenous approach. Clinical signs were markedly improved after the ductal occlusion, the shunt flow was mildly persistent. The case presented is the first case of PDA occluded by the PDA duct occluder via the transvenous approach in a small breed of dog. Although the residual shunt flow was mildly persisted, the dog was clinically normal without detectable murmurs.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Institute of Veterinary Science, Kangwon National University.

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