- Volume 15 Issue 1
DOI QR Code
Copper and Lead Concentrations in Water, Sediments, and Tissues of Asian Clams (Corbicula sp.) in Bung Boraphet Reservoir in Northern Thailand (2008)
- Netpae, Tinnapan (Environmental Science Program and Center for Environmental Health, Toxicology and Management of Chemical) ;
- Phalaraksh, Chitchol (Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University)
- 발행 : 2010.03.31
Bung Boraphet is the largest freshwater reservoir in Thailand. This study examined the accumulation of copper (Cu) and lead (Pb) in water, sediment and tissues of Asian clams (Corbicula sp.) within Bung Boraphet to assess the possible polluting effect of soil erosion and the dissolution of water soluble salts from the Nan River. Samples were collected from 12 study sites within Bung Boraphet between February and December 2008. The physicochemical parameters of the water including temperature, pH, turbidity, ammonia nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, orthophosphates, biochemical oxygen demand, dissolved oxygen, Cu, and Pb were measured. The water in Bung Boraphet was found to be medium clean according to the surface water quality standard of Thailand. The levels of Cu and Pb in the water were low but heavy metals were detected at higher levels in the sediment and tissues of Corbicula sp. In the near future, management practices and regulator approaches for Cu and Pb contamination will be needed to protect the water in Bung Boraphet.
- Office of Natural Resources and Environment Policy and Planning. Biodiversity of Bung Boraphet. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. Bangkok, Thailand: Integrate Promotion Technology Co.; 2003 (in Thai).
- Petpiroon P, Loichuen K, Petpiroon S. The distribution of heavy metal in the sediment of Bung Boraphet swamp. Thai Fish. Gaz. 1996;48:148-155.
- Junk WJ. Invertebrate fauna of floating vegetation of Bung Borapet, a reservoir in central Thailand. Hydrobiologia 1977;53:229-238.
- Duangsawasdi S. Abundance and diversity of benthic fauna in Bung Boraphet, Nakhon Sawan Province. Thai Fish. Gaz. 2003;56:503-520 (in Thai).
- Eaton AD, Clesceri LS, Greenberg AE, American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, Water Environment Federation. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 20th ed. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association; 1998.
- Barsyte Lovejoy D. Heavy metal concentrations in water, sediments and mollusc tissues. Acta Zool. Litu. 1999;9:12-20. https://doi.org/10.1080/13921657.1999.10512282
- Jeffrey M, David J, Joan E, Robert J, Wade W, Richard S. Final report to the national great rivers research and education center: contaminants in mussels from the Mississippi and Illinois rivers confluence area. Chicago, IL; 2004.
- Susanti PH. Heavy metals accumulated in sediment and plants in wetland wastewater treatment at Mae Moh mine Lampang Province [master]. Chiang Mai, Thailand: Chiang Mai University; 1998.
- Muangdech A. Heavy metal contents in Cockles (Anadara granosa) from the mouth of the Bangpakong river. Science 2002;56:312-322
- Duman F, Sezen G, Nilhan Tug G. Seasonal changes of some heavy metal concentrations in Sapanca lake water, Turkey. Int. J. Nat. Eng. Sci. 2007;1:25-28.
- Pollution Control Department. Water quality standards and criteria in Thailand. 4th ed. Bangkok, Thailand: Ministry of Science, Technology, and Environment; 2000.
- Pollution Control Department. Thailand state of pollution report 2006. Bangkok, Thailand: Ministry of Science, Technology, and Environment; 2007.
- Protocol for the derivation of Canadian sediment quality guidelines for the protection of aquatic life. Winnipeg, MB: Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment; 1999.
- Yalcin N, Sevinc V. Heavy metal contents of Lake Sapanca.Turk. J. Chem. 2001;25:521-525.
- Eja ME, Ogri ORA, Arikpo GE. Bioconcentration of heavy metals in surface sediments from the Great Kwa rivers Estuary, Calabar, South Eastern Nig. J. Nigerian Environ.Soc. 2003;2:247-256.
- Davies OA, Allison ME, Uyi HS. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in water, sediment and periwinkle (Tympanotonus fuscatus var radula) from the Elechi Creek, Niger Delta. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 2006;5:968-973.
- Odiete WO. Environmental physiology of animals and pollution. Lagos, Nigeria: Diversified Resources Ltd.; 1999.
- Joy JE, Pritchard AJ, Danford D. Corbicula fluminea (Mollusca: Pelecypoda) as a biological indicator of heavy metals in the Kanawha river, West Virginia. In: Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy of Science; 1983; Morgantown,WV.
- Verrengia Guerrero NR, Wider EA. Metal contaminants in the La Plata river, Buenos Aires, Argentina [Abstract of the 37th European Congress of Toxicology--EUROTOX '99, Oslo, June 27-30, 1999]. Toxicol. Lett. 1999;109:63 (P161).
- Belanger SE, Farris JL, Cherry DS, Cairns J. Validation of Corbicula-fluminea growth reductions induced by copper in artificial streams and river systems. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 1990;47:904-914. https://doi.org/10.1139/f90-104
- Graney RL, Cherry DS, Cairns J. Heavy-metal indicator potential of the Asiatic clam (Corbicula-fluminea) in artificial stream systems. Hydrobiologia 1983;102:81-88. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00006071
- Dorgelo J, Meester H, vanVelzen C. Effects of diet and heavy metals on growth rate and fertility in the deposit-feeding snail Potamopyrgus jenkinsi (Smith) (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae). Hydrobiologia 1995;316:199-210. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00017437
- Luoma SN, Cascos PV, Dagovitz R. Trace metals in San Francisco Bay, California, near the proposed San Luis drain discharge site: a preliminary report. Sacramento, CA: U.S.G.S. Water Resources Division. 1984. U.S.G.S. Water Resources Investigatons Report 84-4170.
- Tatem HE. Bioaccumulation of polychlorinated-biphenyls and metals from contaminated sediment by fresh-water prawns, Macrobrachium-rosenbergii and clams, Corbiculafluminea. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 1986;15:171-183. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01059966