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Antioxidative and Antigenotoxic Effect of Omija (Schizandra chinensis B.) Extracted with Various Solvents

다양한 용매에 의해 추출된 오미자의 항산화능과 항유전독성 효과

  • Kim, Min-Jung (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Kyungnam University) ;
  • Park, Eun-Ju (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Kyungnam University)
  • 김민정 (경남대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 박은주 (경남대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2010.04.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate antioxidant and antigenotoxic effects of Omija (Schizandra chinensis B.) extracted with various solvents (acetone, ethanol, and methanol). The total polyphenol content (TPC) of methanol extract (ME), ethanol extract (EE) and acetone extract (AE) from Omija were 1183.3, 1009.4, and 747.3 mg/100 g (garlic acid equivalents: GAE), respectively. Antioxidant effects of the Omija extracts was measured by DPPH radical-scavenging activity (RSA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity. The $IC_{50}$ for DPPH RSA was in the order of EE $(1411.1\;{\mu}g/mL)$=AE $(1462.0\;{\mu}g/mL)$>ME $(1585.0\;{\mu}g/mL)$. The $IC_{50}$ for SOD-like activities was the highest in ME $(905.7\;{\mu}g/mL)$=EE $(970.3\;{\mu}g/mL)$>AE $(1579.4\;{\mu}g/mL)$. The antigenotoxic effect of Omija on DNA damage induced by $H_2O_2$ in human leukocytes was evaluated by comet assay. $H_2O_2$ induced DNA damage was effectively protected by all of the Omija extracts. Aectone extract of Omija showed the highest antigenotoxic effect ($IC_{50}$ value of AE is $14.6\;{\mu}g/mL$) followed by EE, and ME (21.4 and $34.4\;{\mu}g/mL$), respectively. As a result, we propose that Omija (Schizandra chinensis B.) can serve as a new natural source enriched with potent antioxidant and antigenotoxic agents.

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