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Survey on the Sodium Contents of Nursery School Meals in Gyeonggi-Do

경기도지역 어린이집의 단체급식 중 나트륨 함량 실태조사 연구

  • Jung, Hong-Rae (Health Research Planning Team, Gyeonggi-Do Institute of Health & Environment) ;
  • Lee, Myung-Jin (Health Research Planning Team, Gyeonggi-Do Institute of Health & Environment) ;
  • Kim, Ki-Cheol (Health Research Planning Team, Gyeonggi-Do Institute of Health & Environment) ;
  • Kim, Jung-Boem (Health Research Planning Team, Gyeonggi-Do Institute of Health & Environment) ;
  • Kim, Dae-Hwan (Health Research Planning Team, Gyeonggi-Do Institute of Health & Environment) ;
  • Kang, Suk-Ho (Health Research Planning Team, Gyeonggi-Do Institute of Health & Environment) ;
  • Park, Jong-Suk (Research Planning & Management Division, KFDA) ;
  • Kwon, Kwang-Il (Nutrition Policy Division, KFDA) ;
  • Kim, Mee-Hye (Imported Food Analysis Division, Gyeongin Regional KFDA) ;
  • Park, Yong-Bae (Health Research Planning Team, Gyeonggi-Do Institute of Health & Environment)
  • 정홍래 (경기도보건환경연구원 보건연구기획팀) ;
  • 이명진 (경기도보건환경연구원 보건연구기획팀) ;
  • 김기철 (경기도보건환경연구원 보건연구기획팀) ;
  • 김중범 (경기도보건환경연구원 보건연구기획팀) ;
  • 김대환 (경기도보건환경연구원 보건연구기획팀) ;
  • 강석호 (경기도보건환경연구원 보건연구기획팀) ;
  • 박종석 (식품의약품안전청 연구기획조정과) ;
  • 권광일 (식품의약품안전청 영양정책과) ;
  • 김미혜 (경인지방 식품의약품안전청 수입식품분석과) ;
  • 박용배 (경기도보건환경연구원 보건연구기획팀)
  • Published : 2010.04.30

Abstract

The prevalence rate for chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension etc. caused by the increment of national income and the change of food life according to the globalization in Korea have been increased. Especially excess sodium intake may contribute to the development of hypertension, increasing cardiovascular disease risk. The objective of this study was to investigate sodium intake of nursery school meals in Gyeonggi-Do, and to construct database for lesser sodium intake policy. Survey consisted of 601 sample intakes of sodium in summer and in winter. A food weighed record method was used for measuring food intakes. Average intakes of ten children per nursery school were measured. The sodium contents of meals were analyzed by ICP-OES (inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometer) after acid digestion by microwave. The sodium contents on food groups showed that sources (693 mg/100 g), grilled foods (689 mg/100 g) and kimchies (643 mg/100 g) had respectively higher sodium contents and the average sodium intake per meal was $582\pm204$ mg. The sodium contents of soups & hot soups and kimchies had 37.5% and 15.8% of total sodium intakes per meal, respectively. Sodium intakes per meal in summer and winter showed 572.3 mg and 592.3 mg, respectively. Regional ranking of sodium intakes showed the ascending order of apartment (514.3 mg/meal), rural region (540.5 mg/meal), multiplex house (635.9 mg/meal) and industrial complex (696.4 mg/ meal). A habit of excessive sodium intakes in childhood will threaten their health when they grow up to be adults; thus lesser intake of sodium per meal is needed for children in nursery school.

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