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국화과 Chrysanthemum속 식물 3종의 항산화 효과

Antioxidant Effect of Extracts Obtained from Three Chrysanthemum Species

  • Woo, Jeong-Hyang (Dept. of Horticultural Science, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Shin, So-Lim (Dept. of Horticultural Science, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Jeong, Heon-Sang (Dept of Food Science and Technology, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, Cheol-Hee (Dept. of Horticultural Science, Chungbuk National University)
  • 발행 : 2010.04.30

초록

천연 항산화제를 개발하기 위하여 80% 에탄올을 용매로 환류냉각 추출한 마가렛, 국화 및 낙동구절초의 꽃과 잎줄기(shoot)의 페놀성 물질 함량, DPPH radical과 ABTS radical 소거능, ferrous ion chelating 효과 및 linoleic acid에 대한 지질과산화 억제활성을 측정하였다. 총 폴리페놀 함량, 총플라보노이드 함량, DPPH radical 소거능, ABTS radical 소거능은 국화 잎줄기 추출물에서 가장 높았으며, 특히 국화 잎줄기 추출물의 ABTS radical 소거능은 천연 항산화제인 ascorbic acid와 합성 항산화제인 BHT와 유사하였다. 그러나 $Fe^{2+}$ chelating 효과는 국화 잎줄기 추출물에서 가장 낮았으며, 국화 꽃 추출물에서 가장 우수하였다. Linoleic acid에 대한 지질과산화 억제활성은 마가렛과 국화 잎줄기 추출물에서 가장 우수하였으나, BHT보다 억제활성이 낮았다. 연구의 결과, 국화 잎줄기 추출물은 페놀성 물질 함량 및 radical 소거활성이 우수하여 천연 항산화제로 개발 가치가 매우 높은 것으로 생각되었다. 그러나 금속이온 chelating 및 지질 과산화 억제활성은 다소 낮으므로, 다발적으로 발생하는 산화스트레스를 방지하기 위한 항산화제를 개발하고자 할 때는 국화 잎줄기 추출물과 다른 항산화제를 같이 사용하는 것이 좋을 것으로 생각된다.

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