DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A Study on the Level of Awareness and Self-Efficacy of Osteoporosis in Young Women

미혼 여성의 골다공증 인지정도와 자기효능감에 관한 연구

  • 최의순 (가톨릭대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 이주영 (가톨릭대학교 간호대학)
  • Received : 2010.04.23
  • Accepted : 2010.06.04
  • Published : 2010.06.20

Abstract

Purpose: This study was done to determine the level of awareness and self-efficacy and their relationships to osteoporosis among young women. Methods: The participants were 309 young women living in Seoul. The data were collected using questionnaires from July to September 2009. The Osteoporosis Awareness Scale consists of five areas with a total of 31 questions and the Self-efficacy Scale consists of 18 questions. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe' test and Pearson's correlation coefficients. Results: The average level for osteoporosis awareness was 2.22, of a possible 4.00 and significant difference were related to participants' previous encounter with any information about osteoporosis, behavior to prevent osteoporosis, experience of weight control, and frequency of vegetable and calcium-rich foods intake. The average level of self-efficacy for osteoporosis was 2.81, of a possible 4.00 and significant difference related to participants' educational level, occupation, behavior to prevent osteoporosis, smoking, method of weight control, regular exercise, and frequency of vegetable and calcium-rich foods intake. There were significant positive correlations among awareness and self-efficacy about osteoporosis. Conclusion: This study suggests that health care professionals need to provide effective interventions for young women to enhance their osteoporosis awareness and self-efficacy for preventing osteoporosis.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 가톨릭대학교 간호대학

References

  1. Ailinger, R. L., Braun, M. A., Lasus, H., & Whitt, K. (2005). Factors influencing osteoporosis knowledge: A community study. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 22(3), 135-142. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327655jchn2203_1
  2. Bandura, A. (1985). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.
  3. Chang, Y. K., Seo, H. J., Jin, Y. W., Joeng, M. S., Sung, S. H., Park, D. Y., et al. (2006). The prevalence and risk factor of osteopenia and osteoporosis in 40-59 year-old male workers. The Korean Society of Occupational Medicine, 18(2), 130-137.
  4. Choi, E. S., Kim, J. H., Chung, M. Y., & Hwang, K. H. (2008). Development of an osteoporosis awareness scale for women. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 38(6), 813-821. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2008.38.6.813
  5. Choi, H. J. (2009). Risk factors and assessment of low bone mass in the young adult female. Korean Journal of Family Medicine, 30(12), 924-933. https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.2009.30.12.924
  6. Chung, M. Y., Hwang, K. H., & Choi, E. S. (2009). Study of the level of osteoporosis awareness among women dwelling in urban area. Korean Journal of Women's Health Nursing, 15(4), 362-371. https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2009.15.4.362
  7. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Routledge Academic.
  8. Gemalmaz, A., & Oge, A. (2008). Knowledge and awareness about osteoporosis and its related factors among rural Turkish women. Clinical Rheumatology, 27(6), 723-728. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10067-007-0777-9
  9. Kang, H. Y. (2009). Relationship among life style, body composition, and bone mineral density (BMD) in female college students. Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamental Nursing, 16(3), 325-332.
  10. Kasper, M. J., Garber, M., & Walsdorf, K. (2007). Young women's knowledge and beliefs about osteoporosis: Results from a cross-sectional survey of college females. American Journal of Health Education, 38(4), 186-193. https://doi.org/10.1080/19325037.2007.10598969
  11. Kim, M. H., & Kim, M. S. (2005). A study on the relationships between knowledge about osteoporosis and cognitive factors in middle-aged women. Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing, 11(1), 52-57.
  12. Kjaerbye-Thygesen, A., Munk, C., Ottesen, B., & Kjaer, S. K. (2004). Why do slim women consider themselves too heavy? A characterization of adult women considering their body weight as too heavy. The International Journal of Eating Disorders, 35(3), 275-285. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.10274
  13. Krall, E. A., & Dawson-Hughes, B. (1991). Smoking and bone loss among postmenopausal women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 6(4), 331-338.
  14. Lee, S. H. (2006). Prediction model on osteoporosis prevention behavior in middle aged women. Unpublished doctorial dissertation, Korea University, Seoul.
  15. Lynn, M. R. (1986). Determination and quantification of content validity. Nursing Research, 35(6), 382-385.
  16. Mezuk, B., Eaton, W. W., & Golden, S. H. (2008). Depression and osteoporosis: Epidemiology and potential mediating pathways. Osteoporosis International, 19(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-007-0449-2
  17. Ministry for Health Welfare and Family Affairs (2007). Study of an osteoporosis management program in Korea. Seoul: Author.
  18. Ministry for Health Welfare and Family Affairs & Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2008). 2007 Korea national health & nutrition examination survey. Seoul: Author
  19. National Osteoporosis Foundation data (2009). Fast facts on osteoporosis. Retrieved May 30, 2009, from http://www.nof.org/osteoporosis/diseasefacts.htm
  20. NIH Consensus Development Panel on Osteoporosis Prevention, Diagnosis, and Therapy (2001). Osteoporosis prevention, diagnosis, and therapy. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 285(6), 785-795. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.285.6.785
  21. Piaseu, N., Schepp, K., & Belza, B. (2002). Causal analysis of exercise and calcium intake behaviors for osteoporosis prevention among young women in Thailand. Health Care for Women International, 23(4), 364-376. https://doi.org/10.1080/0739933029008937
  22. Sharkey, N. A., Williams, N. I., & Guerin, J. B. (2000). The role of exercise in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. The Nursing clinics of North America, 35(1), 209-221.
  23. Shin, K. R., & Kang, Y. M. (2002). A study on the relaitonships between osteoporosis knowledge, self-efficacy and health belief of women in an Island. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 32(1), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2002.32.1.89
  24. Shin, S. J., Shin, K. R., Yi, H. R., & Ju, S. K. (2005). Knowledge, health belief, and self-efficacy related to osteoporosis. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 35(5), 850-857. https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2005.35.5.850
  25. Song, H. R., & So, H. Y. (2007). Effects of the knowledge, health belief, and self-efficacy about osteoporosis on calcium intake behavior for postmenopausal osteoporosis patients. The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Adult Nursing, 19(5), 763-774.
  26. Sun, K. S. (2003). The effect of web-based osteoporosis prevention program on the osteoporosis knowledge, self efficacy, health belief, stage of change in female college students. Unpublished doctorial dissertation, Chonnam National University, Gwangju.
  27. Won, I. S. (2009). A study on osteoporosis knowledge, selfefficacy, health promoting behaviors and BMD among adult women. Unpublished master's thesis, Eulji University, Daejeon.
  28. Yang, S. A. (2005). A study on the relationships between osteoporosis knowledge, self-efficacy and health belief of women in urban city. Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing, 6(2), 19-44.
  29. Yoo, S. Y. (2008). Analysis of factors affecting bone mineral density of young females in Seoul area. Unpublished master's thesis, Sungshin Women's University, Seoul.
  30. Yoon, E. J. (2001). Model explaining variance in health promoting behavior and quality of life in women with osteoporosis. Unpublished doctorial dissertation, Kyung Hee University, Seoul.