Factors Influencing the Experiences of Sexual Violence Victims while Dating as College Students

대학생의 데이트 성폭력 피해경험에 영향을 미치는 요인

  • Lee, Eun-Sook (Department of Nursing, Chunnam Techno College) ;
  • Kang, Hee-Sun (Sexual Harassment-Violence Counseling Center, Sunchon National University)
  • 이은숙 (전남과학대학 간호과) ;
  • 강희순 (순천대학교 성희롱성폭력상담실)
  • Received : 2010.07.20
  • Accepted : 2010.09.02
  • Published : 2010.09.20


Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the factors influencing the experience of sexual violence victims while dating as College Students. Methods: With a correlational survey design, data was collected by self-report questionnaires from 560 college students who had reported sexual violence during a date. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: College students while on date who reported sexual violence showed a significantly negative correlation with self-esteem, dating sexual assault recognition, sexual assertiveness, and significantly positive correlations with the gender role stereotypes, sexual violence permissiveness, date sexual violence inflictions, and family violence. A combination of date sexual violence inflictions, self-esteem, sexual violence permissiveness, sexual assertiveness all accounted for 41% of the variance in date sexual violence among college students. Conclusion: Self-esteem and sexual assertiveness must be progressively uplifted in order to prevent date sexual violence. A specific program established to reduce sexual violence permissiveness would be useful in order to reduce the number of sexual violence victims for college students who are dating.


  1. Ahn, G. Y. R. (2002). Personal risk factors related to dating violence. Korean Journal of Family Social Work, 9, 55-75.
  2. Choi, M. H. (2005). Factors influencing sexual assertiveness among women college students. Unpublished master's thesis, Yonsei University, Seoul.
  3. Diann, M. A., & Dianne, N. (2002). Date violence and date rape among adolescents: Association with disordered eating behaviors and psychological health. Child Abuse & Neglect, 26, 455-473.
  4. Emilio, C. U.,&Monica, D. U. (2008). Sexual relationship power as a mediator between dating violence and sexually transmitted infections among college. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 27 (9), 539-565.
  5. Jang, H. S., & Cho, H. G. (2001). The prevalence and risk factors of dating violence among university students. Korean Journal of Family Social Work, 8, 197-204.
  6. Jang, M. S. (2003). (The) Relationship between experiences of sexual violence at school and mental health, sexual attitudes among male & female adolescents. Unpublished master's thesis, Hoseo University, Seoul.
  7. Jang, Y. K. (2002). A study on date sexual violence victims experience. Unpublished master's thesis, Ewha Womans University, Seoul.
  8. Kim, D. I. (1999). Sociology of gender. Seoul: Muneumsa
  9. Kim, H. S. (2001). The sexual behavior by the attachment and love style in university students. Unpublished doctor's thesis, Dongguk University, Seoul.
  10. Kim, J. R. (1999). College students' dating violence and coping behavior. Unpublished master's thesis, Chonnam National University, Gwangju.
  11. Kim, N. Y. (2002). A study on the influence of sexual violence severity and negative life attitude on the mental health. Unpublished master's thesis, Yonsei University, Seoul.
  12. Kim, O. S. (2005). The effects of family violence & tolerance towards violence on dating violence among college students victims. Unpublished master's thesis, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju.
  13. Kim, Y. J. (2006). The effect of sexual decision-making ability and sexual attitude of high school girls. Unpublished master's thesis, Changwon University, Changwon.
  14. Koh, H. R. (2006). (An) Analysis of rape case perception difference: With special to sex-role stereotype, rape myths effects. Unpublished master's thesis, Chung-Ang University, Seoul.
  15. Korean Institute of Criminology (2000). A study on the Korean sexuality and sexual violence. Seoul: Korean Institude of Criminology.
  16. Lee, J. H. (2007). Psychological symptoms of date violence. Unpublished master's thesis, Sungshin Women's University, Seoul.
  17. Lee, J. Y., & Lee, E. S. (2005). The explanatory models of dating violence and victimization with dating partners among college students. Korean Journal of Health Psychology, 17 (2), 419-436.
  18. Luthra, R., & Gidycz, C. A. (2006). Dating violence among college men and women: Evaluation of a theoretical model. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 21 (6), 717-731.
  19. Nam, H. M. (2003). A study on predicting date rape among university students. Unpublished master's thesis, Ewha Womans University, Seoul.
  20. Nam, W. K. (2008). A study on experiences and factors of sexual violence while dating among unmarried men in Busan. Unpublished master's thesis, Silla University, Busan.
  21. O'Keefe, M. (1997). Predictors of dating violence among high school students. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 12 (4), 546-568.
  22. Park, M. R. (2007). Relationships among gender role attitudes, sexual attitudes, impulsivity, internet pornography addiction and sexual violence permissiveness. Unpublished master's thesis, Kyungnam University, Masan.
  23. Patricia, J. M., Kathryn, Q., Lisa, L. H., Laura, W., Diane, M.G., Pamela, R. G., et al. (1997). Sexual assertiveness scale for women: Development and validation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73 (4), 790-804.
  24. Rohini, L., & Christine, A. G. (2006). Dating violence among college men and women: Evaluation of a theoretical model. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 21 (6), 717-731.
  25. Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, Princeton University Press.
  26. Seo, K. H., & Lee, K. S. (2002). Anger, psychoticism, and addiction in dating violence inflictors and recipients. The Korean Journal of Health Psychology, 7 (3), 353-368.
  27. Song, H. S. (2006). A study of college students in the relationship among sexuality, self-assertiveness and self-esteem. Unpublished master's thesis, Gyeongsang University, Jinju
  28. Straus, M. A. (1979). Prevalence of violence against dating partners by male and female university students worldwide. Violence against Women, 10 (7), 790-811.
  29. Sugarman, D, B. (1996). Risk marker analysis of husband-towife violence: A continuum of aggression. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 26 (4), 313-328.
  30. Yu, S. H. (2000). (A) Study on the factor mediating the link between family violence victimization and dating violence victimization of college women: Focusing on the acceptability of dating violence. Unpublished master's thesis, Yonsei University, Seoul.