- Volume 36 Issue 6
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An Association Between Air Pollution and the Prevalence of Allergic Rhinitis in the Ulsan Metropolitan Region
울산지역 대기오염과 알레르기 비염 유병률과의 관계
Oh, In-Bo;Lee, Ji-Ho;Sim, Chang-Sun;Kim, Yang-Ho;Yoo, Cheol-In
- Received : 2010.10.14
- Accepted : 2010.12.20
- Published : 2010.12.30
This study aims to investigate the relationship between air pollution exposure and the prevalence of allergic rhinitis in a young population in the Ulsan metropolitan region (UMR). Data on physician-diagnosed allergic rhinitis (past 12 months) in 1,449 infants and children aged 1-18 years who lived within 1.5 or 2 km of air quality monitoring sites were collected in a cross-sectional health interview survey conducted between January-February 2006 in the UMR. Comparisons of the spatial distribution of the prevalence rates for allergic rhinitis and annual average pollutant concentrations over the region showed that a relatively high prevalence rate occurred around the coastal industrial area, with high PM10 concentrations. A linear correlation analysis demonstrated a positive correlation relationship between them (R = 0.680, p = 0.04). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that the combined effect of the PM10 and
air pollution;allergic rhinitis;Ulsan;PM10
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