A Numerical and Experimental Study for Fry-drying of Various Sludge

슬러지 유중 건조에 대한 전산 해석 및 실험적 연구

  • Shin, Mi-Soo (Department of Environmental Engineering, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Hey-Suk (Department of Environmental Engineering, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Byeong-Gap (Department of Environmental Engineering, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Hwang, Min-Jeong (Department of Environmental Engineering, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Jang, Dong-Soon (Department of Environmental Engineering, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Ohm, Tae-In (Department of Environmental Engineering, Hanbat National University)
  • Received : 2010.03.05
  • Accepted : 2010.04.14
  • Published : 2010.04.30


The basic principle of fry drying process of sludge lies in the rapid pressure change of sludge material caused by the change of temperature between oil and moisture due to the difference of specific heat. Therefore, the rapid increase of pressure in drying sludge induces the efficient moisture escape through sludge pores toward heating oil media. The object of this study is to carry out a systematic investigation of the influence of various parameters associated with the sludge fry drying processes on the drying efficiency. To this end, a series of parametric experimental investigation has been made together with the numerical calculation in order to obtain typical drying curves as function of important parameters such as drying temperature, sludge diameter, oil type and sludge type. In the aspect of frying temperature, especially it is found that the operation higher than $140^{\circ}C$ was favorable in drying efficiency regardless of type of waste oil employed in this study. The same result was also noted consistently in the investigation of numerical calculation, that is, in that the sludge particle drying was efficiently made over $140^{\circ}C$ irrespective of the change of particle diameter. As expected, in general, the decrease of diameter in sludge was found efficient both experiment and numerical calculation in drying due to the increased surface area per unit volume. In the investigation of oil type and property, the effect of the viscosity of waste oil was found to be more influential in drying performance. In particular, when the oil with high viscosity, a visible time delay was noticed in moisture evaporation especially in the early stage of drying. However, the effect of high viscosity decreased significantly over the temperature of $140^{\circ}C$. There was no visible difference observed in the study of sludge type but the sewage sludge with a slightly better efficiency. The numerical study is considered to be a quite useful tool to assist in experiment with more detailed empirical modeling as further work.


  1. Dermibas, A., "Biomass Resource Facilities and Biomass Conversion Processing for Fules and Chemicals," Energy Conversion and Management, 42, 1357-1378(2001). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0196-8904(00)00137-0
  2. Gamble, M. H., Rice, P. and Selman, J. D., "Relationship Between Oil Uptake and Moisture Loss During Frying of Potato Slices from c.v. Record U.K. Tuber," J. Food Sci. 22, 233-241 (1987).
  3. Daniela P. da Silva, Victor R., Osvaldir P. T., "Drying of sewage sludge through immersion frying," 14th IDS Symposium, vol. B, 1005-1012(2004).
  4. Kopp, J. and Ditchl, N., "Prediction of Full-scale Dewatering Results by Determining the Water Distribution of Sewage Sludge," Water Sci. Technol., 42(9), 141-149(2000).
  5. Carlos P., Patricia A., Didier L. and Victor R, and Patricia A., "Heat and mass transfer during fry-drying of sewage sludge", Drying Technol., 24, 797-818(2006). https://doi.org/10.1080/07373930600733085
  6. Weibiao FU, Yangping Z., Hongqiao H. and Yuning D., "A study on devolatilization of large coal particle", Combust. Flame, 70, 253-266 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-2180(87)90107-6
  7. Kreith F., Bohn M.S., Principles of heat transfer 5th edition, InfoAcess & Distribution Ltd. A59 (1993).
  8. Patankar, S. V., Numerical heat transfer and fluid flow, McGraw-Hill Company (1980).