- Volume 23 Issue 9
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Deprivation of Esophageal Boluses and Dry Forage Intake in Large-type Goats
- Van Thang, Tran (Thai Nguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry) ;
- Sunagawa, Katsunori (Faculty of Agriculture, University of the Ryukyus) ;
- Nagamine, Itsuki (Faculty of Agriculture, University of the Ryukyus) ;
- Kato, Seiyu (School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen University)
- Received : 2010.01.21
- Accepted : 2010.03.28
- Published : 2010.09.01
In goats fed on dry forage twice a day, an esophageal fistula was used to investigate the physiological factors present in the marked suppression of dry forage intake that occurs after 40 min of feeding. The animals used in this study were five large-type male esophageal- and ruminal-fistulated goats. Roughly crushed alfalfa hay cubes with any large remaining chunks removed were used as feed for this research. The study was conducted under both normal feeding conditions (NFC) and sham feeding conditions (SFC). In the NFC control, the esophageal fistulae were closed by plugs and the animals ate dry forage in the normal manner. In the SFC treatment, before starting the experiment the plugs for closing the esophageal fistula were removed and the cannulae for collecting boluses were fitted into the fistulae. Therefore, the esophageal boluses were removed via an esophageal fistula before they entered the rumen. In the NFC control, eating rates sharply decreased in the first 40 min of feeding and were subsequently maintained at low levels. However, eating rates in the SFC treatment remained high after 40 min of the feeding period had elapsed and the goats ate continuously during the 2 h feeding period. In comparison with the NFC control (
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