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Methane Emission Patterns from Stored Liquid Swine Manure

  • Park, Kyu-Hyun (Department of Land Resource Science, University of Guelph) ;
  • Wagner-Riddle, Claudia (Department of Land Resource Science, University of Guelph)
  • Received : 2009.10.19
  • Accepted : 2010.03.25
  • Published : 2010.09.01

Abstract

With the increase of human activities since the Industrial Revolution, atmospheric greenhouse gas (GHG) concentration has increased, which is believed the cause of climate change. Methane ($CH_4$) fluxes were measured at two commercial swine barns (Jarvis and Guelph) with a four tower micrometeorological mass balance method. Two and three separate measurements were conducted at Jarvis and at Guelph, respectively. In the Jarvis experiments from May to July, mean $CH_4$ flux ($490.4{\mu}g/m^2/s$) during daytime was lower than that during nighttime ($678.0{\mu}g/m^2/s$) (p<0.05), which would be caused by break of slurry temperature stratification. In the Guelph experiment from January to April, mean $CH_4$ flux ($62.9{\mu}g/m^2/s$) during daytime was higher than that during nighttime ($39.0{\mu}g/m^2/s$) (p<0.05), which would be generated by high slurry temperature at 3 cm depth after April 6. Slurry temperature stratification in the Guelph experiment would happen from January to March.

Keywords

Climate Change;Greenhouse Gases;Manure;Stratification

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