Study on Backfire for a Two-Stroke Hydrogen Fueled Free-Piston Engine with Loop Scavenging

루프소기방식을 갖는 2행정 프리피스톤 수소기관의 역화에 관한 연구

  • Received : 2010.10.30
  • Accepted : 2010.12.17
  • Published : 2010.12.31


For developing a two-stroke free-piston hydrogen engine with high efficiency and low emission, determination of the scavenging type is one of the most important factor. In this research, backfire characteristics for loop scavenging were analyzed with the number of piston crevice volume and piston expansion speed. Rapid Compression Expansion Machine, RCEM was used for combustion research of the free piston $H_2$ engine in the experiment. As the results, it was shown that although backfire occurring in a loop scavenging type can be partially controled by a complete exhaust of burned gas, possibility of backfire basically exist due to the structure which piston crevice volumes contact with fresh mixture in a scavenging port. However, a loop scavenging may be considered as combustion chamber of a free piston $H_2$ engine from the point of view that backfire does not occur nearby lean equivalence ratio obtained high thermal efficiency. It was also analyzed that an advances of backfire occurrence timing with increase of the fuel-air equivalence ratio were due to promotion of flame propagation into piston crevice volumes by decrease of the quenching distance.


Free-piston hydrogen engine;Loop scavenging;Expansion speed;Piston crevice volume;Backfire control


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