Allocating Revenues to Metropolitan Railroad Operators Using Public Transportation Card Data

대중교통 카드(RF Card) 자료를 활용한 수도권 도시철도 운영기관 간 수입금 정산 방법론에 대한 연구

  • 신성일 (서울시정개발연구원 도시기반연구본부) ;
  • 이창주 ((주)LG CNS 공공/SOC사업본부) ;
  • 김찬성 (한국교통연구원 국가교통DB센터)
  • Received : 2008.11.10
  • Accepted : 2010.02.28
  • Published : 2010.04.28

Abstract

Users of metropolitan railroad is increased continuously because of its various advantage such as comfortableness, convenience and punctuality. Thus, several local government including Seoul considered new installation or extension of railroads and four railroad operators maintain seventeen lines at present. After public transportation reforms in 2004 and integrated discount fare system in 2007, public transportation become more convenient in many aspects. However, these trials gives much more complex allocating problems of revenues among public transportation operators. In this paper, we deal with revenue allocating problems among public transportation operators after integrated discount fare system in 2007. Specifically, this study focuses on allocating revenues to metropolitan railroad operators by using RF card data. This research roughly proposes the methodology of O/D extraction from RF card data, generalized cost estimation and allocating revenue algorithm. We use RF card data in order to draw out exact individual O/D data and try to compare our results with those of Korea Smart Card Company. In generalized cost estimation, survey study about transfer factors is conducted for accurate estimation of generalized cost function. Lastly, new allocating revenue algorithm using k-path and non-dominated path concept is suggested. It is expected that case study is also performed with real revenues and O/D data in order to check up the application. Preposed methodology in this research can contribute to solve present and future revenue allocating issues according to the introduction of LRT and private railroad.

References

  1. 국토개발연구원(1987), "수도권 전철․지하철연락 운임정산을 위한 조사연구(착수보고서)".
  2. 신성일(2004), "교통망에 적합한 K 비루프 경로 탐색 알고리즘", 대한교통학회지, 제22권 제6호, 대한교통학회, pp.121-131.
  3. 신성일.노현수(2004), "K 링크 비루프 최적경로 탐색알고리즘과 복합대중교통망에의 활용", 교통정책연구, 교통개발연구원.
  4. 신성일.노현수.조종석(2005), "수도권 도시철도 수입금 정산 분석 모형", 대한교통학회지, 제23권 제5호, 대한교통학회, pp.157-167.
  5. 윤지현.김성수(2007), "서울시의 대중교통 통합거리비례요금제 하에서 운영기관 간 요금정산방안에 관한 연구", 대한교통학회지, 제25권 1호, 대한교통학회, pp.37-47.
  6. 한국교통연구원(1995, 1998), "수도권 전철과 지하철의 운임제도 개선 및 연락운임 정산".
  7. Dimirios A. T and Constantinos A.(1986), "Allocating Revenues to Public Transit Operators Under an Integrated Fare System", Transportation Research Record, pp.29-37.
  8. Lee M.(2004), "Transportation Network Models and Algorithms Considering Directional Delay and Prohibition for Intersection Movement", Ph.D. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
  9. Rinks D. B.(1986), "Revenue Allocation Methods for Integrated Transit Systems", Transportation Research A, Vol. 20A, No.1, pp.39-50.