Physicochemical Characteristics and Volatile Compounds of Glutinous Rice Wines Depending on the Milling Degrees

도정도에 따른 찹쌀발효주의 이화학적 특성 및 휘발성 향기성분

  • Received : 2009.09.03
  • Accepted : 2009.10.12
  • Published : 2010.02.28

Abstract

In order to investigate the effects of different milling degrees on the quality of glutinous rice wines, the physicochemical properties and volatile compounds of various wines were evaluated. Sample wines prepared from glutinous rice with 90, 80, and 70% milling yields were analyzed for ethanol, pH, total acids, amino acids, soluble solids, coloring degree, UV absorbance, reducing sugars, organic acids, free sugars and volatile compounds. After fermentation for 17 days, ethanol contents in the wines ranged from 15.2 to 15.85%, while total acid levels ranged from 0.31 to 0.35%. The amino acid contents in four samples ranged from 0.63 to 0.73%, while soluble solid contents ranged from 11.4 to $13.1^{\circ}Bx$. The wine prepared from glutinous rice with a 30% degree of milling showed the highest coloring degree, UV absorbance and reducing sugar content among four samples. Furthermore, this wine had the highest levels of malic acid and acetic acid, while the glutinous rice wine prepared from rice with a 0% degree of milling had the highest levels of succinic acid and lactic acid. In all the glutinous rice wines tested, the most abundant free sugar was glucose followed by maltose. With increasing degree of milling, the alcohol, amino acid and organic acid contents of the glutinous rice wines decreased, whereas soluble solids, coloring degree, UV absorbance, reducing sugar and free sugar contents increased. Volatile compounds were identified using GC-MSD, and thirty-nine esters, seven alcohols, six acids, one aldehyde, four alkanes, one alkene and two miscellaneous compounds were identified in the glutinous rice wines. Using relative peak area, it was determined that other than ethyl alcohol, hexadecanoic acid ethyl ester was the major component and was primarily found in the range of 11.566-18.437%. Succinic acid diethyl ester and isoamyl laurate decreased with an increasing degree of milling, whereas hexanoic acid ethyl ester and 2-octenoic acid ethyl ester increased. Overall, it was shown that different milling degrees greatly affected the physicochemical and volatile characteristics of the glutinous rice wines.

Keywords

glutinous rice wine;milling degree;volatile compounds

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국식품연구원