Composition and pollution characteristics of TSP, PM2.5 atmospheric aerosols at Gosan site, Jeju Island

제주도 고산지역 TSP, PM2.5 대기에어로졸의 조성 및 오염 특성

  • Lee, Soon-Bong (Department of Chemistry, Jeju National University) ;
  • Kang, Chang-Hee (Department of Chemistry, Jeju National University) ;
  • Jung, Duk-Sang (Department of Chemistry, Jeju National University) ;
  • Ko, Hee-Jung (Department of Chemistry, Jeju National University) ;
  • Kim, Haeng-Bum (Department of Chemistry, Jeju National University) ;
  • Oh, Yong-Soo (Department of Chemistry, Jeju National University) ;
  • Kang, Hae-Lim (Department of Chemistry, Jeju National University)
  • Received : 2010.07.06
  • Accepted : 2010.07.21
  • Published : 2010.08.25


TSP and PM2.5 atmospheric aerosols have been collected at Gosan site of Jeju Island, and their compositions were analyzed to understand the pollution characteristics. The composition ratios of nss (non-sea salt)-$SO_4^{2-}$ and $NH_4^+$ were higher in Gosan site than those in other Korean background and urban sites. However the composition ratio of $NO_3^-$ was conversely lower in Gosan site. From the study of aerosol components according to particle sizes, the anthropogenic nss-$SO_4^{2-}$, $NO_3^-$ and $NH_4^+$ components were mostly existed in the fine particles. But the nss-$Ca^{2+}$, $Na^+$, $Cl^-$ and $Mg^{2+}$ originated from soil and marine sources were distributed relatively in the coarse particles. In the seasonal comparison, the concentrations of nss-$Ca^{2+}$, Al, Fe, Ca and $NO_3^-$ increased in spring season, and nss-$SO_4^{2-}$ showed higher concentration in summer and spring seasons. Based on the factor analysis, the atmospheric aerosols in Gosan site have been found to be influenced largely by anthropogenic sources, and next by marine and soil sources. The backward trajectory analyses showed that the concentrations of nss-$SO_4^{2-}$, $NO_3^-$, Pb and nss-$Ca^{2+}$ increased when the air mass moved from Chinese continent to Jeju area. On the other hand, their concentrations decreased when the air mass moved in from the North Pacific Ocean.


atmospheric aerosols;TSP;PM2.5;aerosol composition;particle size;Gosan site


Supported by : 한국학술진흥재단


  1. 한진석, 김영미, 안준영, 공부주, 최진수, 이상욱, 이석조, 한국대기환경학회지, 22(1), 99-106(2006).
  2. S. Hatakeyama, K. Mukai, F. Sakamaki, H. Murano. H. Bandow and Y. Komazaki, Water Air Soil Pollut., 130, 373-378(2001).
  3. 강창희, 고희정, Wlodek Zahorowski, 한국대기환경학회지, 23(5), 612-624(2007).
  4. 김성천, 강달선, 차영희, 한국대기환경학회지, 26(2), 108-115(2000).
  5. J. S. Lighty, J. M. Veranth and A. F. Sarofim, J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc, 50(9), 1565-1618(2000).
  6. J. H. Seinfeld and S. N. Pandis, 'Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics; From Air Pollution to Climate Change', 529, Wiley & Sons, New York, U.S.A., 1998.
  7. 신훈중 이태정, 김동술, 한국대기보전학회지, 12(1), 67-77(1996).
  8. J. M. Hoell, D. D. Davis, S. C. Liu, R. Newell, M. Shipham, H. Akimoto, R. J. McNeal, R. J. Bendura and J. W. Drewry, J. Geophys. Res., 101(D1), 1641-1653 (1996).
  9. B. J. Huebert, T. Bates, P. B. Russell, G. Shi, Y. J. Kim, K. Kawamura, G. Carmichael and T. Nakajima, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D23), 8633(2003).
  10. T. Nakajima, S. C. Yoon, V. Ramanathan, G. Y. Shi, T. Takemura, A. Higurashi, T. Takamura, K. Aoki, B. J. Sohn, S. W. Kim, H. Tsuruta, N. Sugimoto, A. Shimizu, H. Tanimoto, Y. Sawa, N. H. Lin, C. T. Lee, D. Goto and N. Schutgens J. Geophys. Res., 112(D24S91), 23(2007).
  11. M. Zhang, I. Uno, Y. Yoshida, Y. Xu, Z. Wang, H. Akimoto, T. Bates, T. Quinn, A. Bandy and B. Blomquist, Atmos. Environ., 38, 6947-6959(2004).
  12. 김원형, 강창희, 홍상범, 고희정, 이 원, 분석과학, 20(5), 383-392(2007).
  13. K. F. Ho, S. C. Lee, C. K. Chan, J. C. Yu, J. C. Chow and X. H. Yao, Atmos. Environ., 37(1), 31-39(2003).
  14. M. Nishikawa and S. Kanamori, Anal. Sci., 7, 1127-1130(1991).
  15. D. Koch, Atmos. Environ., 35, 739-746(2001).
  16. 국립환경연구원연구보고서, '배경농도지역 장거리 이동 오염물질 집중 조사(V)', 국립환경과학원, 301(2005).
  17. 최민규, 여현규, 임종억, 조기철, 김희강, 한국대기환경학회지, 16(6), 573-583(2000).
  18. 이학성, 강충민, 강병욱, 김희강, 한국대기환경학회지, 15(2), 113-120(1999).
  19. G. C. Fang, Y. S. Wu, S. H. Huang and J. Y. Rau, Atmos. Environ., 39, 3003-3013(2005).
  20. K. Oravisjarvi, K. L. Timonen, T. Wiikinkoski, A. R. Ruuskanen, K. Heinanen and J. Ruuskanen, Atmos. Environ., 31(8), 1013-1022(2003).
  21. X. Huang, I. Olmez, N. K. Aras and G. E. Gorden, Atmos. Environ., 28(8), 1385-1391(1994).
  22. 이보경, 김영훈, 하재윤, 이동수, 한국대기환경학회지, 21(4), 439-458(2005).
  23. Y. Wang, G. Zhuang, X. Zhang, K. Huang, C. Xu, A. Tang, J. Chen and Z. An, Atmos. Environ., 40(16), 2935-2952(2006).
  24. H. Minoura, K. Takahashi, J. C. Chow and J. G. Watson, Atmos. Environ., 40(14), 2478-2487(2006).
  25. V. M. Kerminen, T. A. Parkkanen and R. E. Hillamo, Atmos. Environ., 31(17), 2753-2765(1997).
  26. 김기현, 이강웅, 허철구, 강창희, 한국대기보전학회지, 13(2), 161-170(1997).
  27. 박민하, 김용표, 강창희, 한국대기환경학회지, 17(6), 487-492(2001).

Cited by

  1. Aerosol Characterization Study for Individual Particle of PM10, PM2.5Observed in Industrial Area vol.22, pp.1, 2013,
  2. Analysis on the PM10Transportation Route in Gimhae Region Using the HYSPLIT Model vol.22, pp.8, 2013,
  3. Composition and pollution characteristics of PM10and PM2.5particles at Gosan site of Jeju Island in 2008 vol.24, pp.4, 2011,
  4. Analytical methods for atmospheric particulate aerosols: Focused on the physical properties and chemical composition of metals and water soluble ionic compounds vol.28, pp.3, 2015,