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Influence of Fall-preventive Occupational Therapy Applied to Elderly in the Community upon Balance Ability

여성노인에게 적용한 낙상예방 작업치료가 균형 능력에 미치는 영향

  • 장기연 (우송대학교 작업치료학과) ;
  • 우희순 (우송대학교 작업치료학과)
  • Received : 2009.10.08
  • Accepted : 2010.02.17
  • Published : 2010.03.28

Abstract

This study is to look into the effectiveness of fall-preventive occupational therapy of elderly by clarifying the influence of occupational therapy applied to female elderly in the community upon balance ability. A 6-week occupational therapy program including both training and exercise for prevention of fall down was applied by dividing into 13 persons of experimental group and 13 persons of control group for female elderly aged more than 65 years who were capable of independence gait and have not taken any drug to adversely affect balance. For balance ability assessment, the Berg balance scale and the Tetrax fall index were used. The Berg balance scale in experimental group was shown to be 48.38 to 50.69 through the 6-week program, indicating changes in significance level(p=.017). The Tetrax fall index in experimental group was shown to be 46.77 to 35.54 through the 6-week program(p=.000). Changes in significance level were not found for both the Berg balance scale and the Tetrax fall index in control group. As seen from the results of this study, it is found that 6-week application of the fall-preventive occupational therapy program including fall prevention training and exercise was effective for promotion of elderly's balance ability, and further studies just on the effect of fall prevention training are required to be made.

Keywords

Balance;Elderly;Fall Down;Occupational Therapy

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