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Effect of Recreational Exercise on Cognition, Depression, Dynamic Balance and Leg Strength in Elderly Women

레크리에이션 운동프로그램이 여성노인의 인지기능과 우울, 동적 평형성 및 하지근력에 미치는 영향

  • 김난수 (부산가톨릭대학교 보건과학대학 물리치료학과)
  • Received : 2009.08.24
  • Accepted : 2009.10.05
  • Published : 2010.03.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of recreational exercise on cognition, depression, dynamic balance and leg strength in elderly women. This study was nonequivalent control group pre-post test design. Subjects were divided into two group(exercise group=14, control group=13). Experimental group conducted recreational exercise program for eight-week. Cognition was assessed by K-WAIS(object assembly & digit symbol) and depression were assessed by questionnaire. Dynamic balance(DB) and leg strength(LS) were assessed by 244cm up & go and sit to stand respectively. The collected data analyzed by Wilcoxon singed rank test and Mann-Whitney U test. The exercise group significantly improved cognition(object assembly) and DB, but control group significantly reduced DB. DB in exercise group were significantly greater than in control group after eight-week. The program was effective on cognition and dynamic balance in elderly women.

Keywords

Recreational Exercise;Elderly Women;Cognition;Depression;Dynamic Balance;Leg Strength

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