쌀밥에서 분리한 Bacillus cereus와 Bacillus thuringiensis의 독소유전자 분석

Toxin Gene Analysis of Bacillus cereus and Bacillus thuringiensis Isolated from Cooked Rice

  • 전종혁 (경원대학교 식품생물공학과) ;
  • 박종현 (경원대학교 식품생물공학과)
  • Jeon, Jong-Hyuk (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kyungwon University) ;
  • Park, Jong-Hyun (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kyungwon University)
  • 투고 : 2010.04.12
  • 심사 : 2010.05.14
  • 발행 : 2010.06.30

초록

쌀밥의 미생물 안전성을 평가하기 위하여 쌀을 취반한 후 세균을 분석하였다. 전국에서 생산되는 생쌀 30개를 수집하여 취반 후에 중온성 호기성균과 MYP선택배지에서 Bacillus cereus group를 분리 동정하여 그의 분포도와 독소유전자를 분석하였다. 취반 직후의 쌀밥 27%에서 1-3 log CFU/g정도의 총 중온성 호기균과 거의 같은 정도로의 Bacillus spp.가 존재하는 것으로 나타났다. 그러나 균이 검출되지 않은 시료들도 증균한 후에는 B. cereus group균들이 검출되어 사실상 대부분의 시료에서 Bacillus spp.가 분포하고 있는 것을 알 수 있었다. 이들 시료로부터 37개의 분리하여 동정한 균주는 B. thuringiensis, B. cereus, B. valismortis, B. pumilus, B. coagulans, B. licheniformis, Geobacillus stearo-thermophilus, Brevibacillus laterosporus 등으로 나타났다. 분리 균주중 20개(54%)의 분리주가 B. thuringiensis로 나타났고 그 다음으로 9개(27%)의 B. cereus이였다. 그리고 3개(8%)의 B. valismortis와 각각 1개(3%)의 B. pumilus, B. coagulans, B. licheniformis, Geobacillus stearothermophilus, Brevibacillus laterosporus이였다. B. thuringiensis는 모두에서 non-hemolytic toxin gene(nhe)을 가지고 있었고 9개의 B. cereus중 7균주가 emetic toxin 유전자를 함유하고 있었다. 따라서 쌀밥에는 B. thuringiensis가 B. cereus보다 더 높은 빈도로 분포되어 있고 B. cereus는 설사형 독소유전자 보다는 구토형 독소를 더 많이 가지고 있었다. 취반 후 쌀밥을 상온에서 보관하여 발생되는 B. cereus 식중독은 설사형보다 구토형일 가능성이 더 많을 것으로 보인다.

키워드

cooked rice;mesophilic aerobe;B. thuringiensis;B. cereus;emetic toxin gene

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 율촌재단, 경원대학교

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