- Volume 6 Issue 2
Reports on the Korean culture's gaining popularity among foreign audiences have filled the Korean news media for more than a decade by now. On the other hand, some observers have begun to argue that the hyper-commercialism has brought the Korean cultural industries to a crisis. By examining a brief history of U.S. commercial media system's global spread, this paper makes an effort to understand the Korean media industry within an international and historical framework. Secondly, it analyzes the processes of Korean media industry losing its competitiveness following the Korean Wave success. Based on the research findings, this paper warns against the potentially detrimental effects of commercial media system.
commercialization;globalization;Korean Wave;media industry;popular culture
- H. Schiller, "Decolonization of information: Efforts toward a new international order." Latin American Perspectives, vol.5, no.1, 1978, pp. 35-48. https://doi.org/10.1177/0094582X7800500103
- K. Nordenstreng, The Mass Media Declaration of UNESCO, Ablex, Norwood, 1984.
- New York Times, "The media and the goats," 1978 (November 27).
- R. McChesney, Rich Media, Poor Democracy: Communication Politics in Dubious Times, University of Illinois Press, Chicago, 1999.
- J. Straubhaar, "National Producers and Global TV Genres: Glocalization, Localization or De-Localization," Paper presented at IAMCR conference, Porto Alegre, Brazil, 2005.
- J.O. Boyd-Barrett, and S. Xie, "Al-Jazeera, Phoenix Satellite Television and the Return of the State: Case studies in market liberalization, public sphere and media imperialism" International Journal of Communication, vol. 2, 2008, pp. 206-222.
- Doobo Shim, "Hybridity and the Rise of Korean Popular Culture in Asia," Media, Culture & Society, vol. 28, no.1, 2006, pp. 25-44. https://doi.org/10.1177/0163443706059278
- S-y. Chin, "Cultural industry development," http://www.nownews.com/2008/07/24/91-2309741.htm retrieved 9 August, 2009.
- N. Garnham, Capitalism and Communication, Sage, London, 1990.
- K. Choo, "To be or not to be Cool Japan?: Japanese anime industry and international collaboration," Paper presented at Workshop on Popular Culture Co-productions and Collaborations in East and Southeast Asia, December 10-11, Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University, 2008.
- E. Herman & R. McChesney, The Global Media, Cassell, London, 1997.
- R. Williams, Culture and Society: 1780-1950, Columbia University Press, New York, 1983.
- I. Jarvie, Hollywood’s overseas campaign, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1992.
- R. Tempest, "Euro-TV turns in to Hollywood," Los Angeles Times, 1991 (July 11), pp. A-1.
- S-m. Ki, and H-t. Lee, "Wigi-eui Drama Gonghwaguk," Joong-Ang Ilbo, 2008 (Nov. 8), pp. 1.
- J-h. Yoo, "Sin-eui Mulbangul," Hanguk Gyeongje, 2008 (Sep. 16), pp. A36.
- Korea Times, "Bae's 'God's Waterdrop' Project Turns Sour," http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/special/2010/01/178_58485.html, retrieved 18 Jan. 2010
- S-m. Ki, and H-t. Lee, "Drama, churyeonryo ddemyeon namneun ge eopda," Joong-Ang Ilbo, 2008 (Nov. 8), pp. 21.
- H-j. Song, Hye-jin, "Bangsong 3sa drama jejakbi," Chosun Ilbo, 2008 (Jun. 27), pp. A25.
- S-m. Ki, "Munhwa Note," Joong-Ang Ilbo, 2008 (25 Nov.), pp. 25.
- S-m. Lee, "Manmulsang," Chosun Ilbo, 2008 (Dec. 8).
- Doobo Shim, "The growth of Korean cultural industries and the Korean wave," In Chua Beng Huat & Koichi Iwabuchi (Eds.), East Asian Pop Culture, Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong, 2008, pp. 15-31.