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Endotoxin-induced renal tolerance against ischemia and reperfusion injury is removed by iNOS, but not eNOS, gene-deletion

  • Kim, Jee-In (Department of Anatomy and BK21, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine) ;
  • Jang, Hee-Seong (Department of Anatomy and BK21, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine) ;
  • Park, Kwon-Moo (Department of Anatomy and BK21, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine)
  • Received : 2010.03.30
  • Accepted : 2010.06.30
  • Published : 2010.09.30

Abstract

Endotoxin including lipopolysaccharide (LPS) confers organ tolerance against subsequent challenge by ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) insult. The mechanisms underlying this powerful adaptive defense remain to be defined. Therefore, in this study we attempted to determine whether nitric oxide (NO) and its associated enzymes, inducible NOS (iNOS) and endothelial NOS (eNOS, a constitutive NOS), are associated with LPS-induced renal tolerance against I/R injury, using iNOS (iNOS knock-out) or eNOS (eNOS knock-out) gene-deleted mice. A systemic low dose of LPS pretreatment protected kidney against I/R injury. LPS treatment increased the activity and expression of iNOS, but not eNOS, in kidney tissue. LPS pretreatment in iNOS, but not eNOS, knock-out mice did not protect kidney against I/R injury. In conclusion, the kidney tolerance to I/R injury conferred by pretreatment with LPS is mediated by increased expression and activation of iNOS.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF)

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