- Volume 29 Issue 3
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Environmentally-friendly Control of Soil Nematode by Crashed-rape (Brassica naptus) seed
유채 종실을 이용한 뿌리혹선충의 친환경적 방제
- Kim, Hee-Kwon ;
- Ma, Kyung-Cheol ;
- Kim, Myeong-Seok ;
- Bang, Geuk-Pil ;
- Kim, Joung-Keun ;
- Park, Min-Soo
- Received : 2010.04.06
- Accepted : 2010.09.12
- Published : 2010.09.30
The present studies were carried out for three years from 2007 until 2009 to control nematode and to increase yield of cucumber by crashed-rape seed application at polyethylene film house. Crashed-rape seed has a lot of glucosinolate. Myrosinase decompose gulcosinolate into isothiocyanate and thiocyanate when crashedrape seed go to decay at soil. Those chemical compounds act on poison to nematode at soil. When the crashedrape seed treated at soil, an amount of thiocyanate at soil was risen up. Thiocyanate of plot treated with 200 and 400 kg crashed-rape seed per 10a was 30 and 40 mg/kg, respectively. Nematode(meloidogyne spp) population at soil was 13 to 17 nematodes per dried soil 300g. Yield of cucumber increased 6 to 15 percent to be compared with control. While, Nematode(meloidogyne spp) population of control plot were 463 nematodes per dried soil 300 g. This level was much higher than 150 nematodes which can be brought about injury to plant. Even if the more an amount of crashed-rape seed application, the higher yield of cucumber and control effect of nematode. Consider economical efficiency, 200 kg of crashed-rape seed per 10a was the most effective. Therefore, we suggest applying 200 kg of crashed-rape seed per 10a to control soil nematode when culture cucumber at plastic film house.
Crashed-rape seed;Cucumber;Nematode;Plastic film house;Soil
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