The Effects of 12 Week Balance Ability Improvement Exercise to the Changes of Selected Joint Angles and Ground Reaction Forces during Down Staircase Walking

노인대상 12주간 균형능력 향상 운동이 계단 내리기 보행 시 주요 관절각 및 지면반력 변화에 미치는 영향

  • Park, Yang-Sun (Division of Sports Science, College of Natural Science, Konkuk University) ;
  • Kim, Eui-Hwan (Department of Judo, College of Martial Arts, Yongin University) ;
  • Kim, Tae-Whan (Research Department of Sports Science, Korea Institute of Sport Science) ;
  • Lee, Yong-Sik (Division of Sports Science, College of Natural Science, Konkuk University) ;
  • Lim, Young-Tae (Division of Sports Science, College of Natural Science, Konkuk University)
  • 박양선 (건국대학교 자연과학대학 스포츠과학부) ;
  • 김의환 (용인대학교 무도대학 유도학과) ;
  • 김태완 (국민체육진흥공단 체육과학연구원 스포츠과학연구실) ;
  • 이용식 (건국대학교 자연과학대학 스포츠과학부) ;
  • 임영태 (건국대학교 자연과학대학 스포츠과학부)
  • Received : 2010.06.03
  • Accepted : 2010.08.25
  • Published : 2010.09.30


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of balance ability improvement exercise program which applied to the elderly people for increasing balance, stability and range of motion. Ten elderly people and ten university students were recruited as the subjects. Kinematic data were collected by seven real-time infrared cameras while subjects walk stair descent as a pre-test. Korean folk dance exercise program was applied to the elderly for 12 weeks. Same experiment on stair descent walk was performed as post-test. Results indicated that CM movement and selected joint angle patterns of elderly group after treatment changed to the similar patterns of young group. However, ankle joint angle and vertical GRF of elderly group after treatment also increased compared to those of the elderly group before treatment. This might be explained by the fact that elderly used a different walking strategy which maximize support base for increasing stability. Overall, these results indicated that the exercise treatment may affect to adapt and improve the gait pattern of stair descent of elderly people.


Supported by : 한국학술진흥재단


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